Ilha do Ibo, Mozambiquehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ilha_do_Ibo_-_sunset-01.jpg
is a country along the coast of southeastern Africa. It covers 801,590 sq km (309,496 sq mi) and has a population of 23 million people (2011 estimate). The capital and biggest city is Maputo. Mozambique is bordered by Tanzania to the north, Malawi in the center north, Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and South Africa and Swaziland to the southwest. It has a coastline facing the Indian Ocean to the east.
Mozambique fishermen in the Indian Oceanhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mozambique_-_traditional_sailboat.jpg
Mozambique is in the Central African Time zone, which is two hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time without observance of Daylight Saving Time. The official language of the country is Portuguese, while common languages spoken include Swahili, Makhuwa and Sena. Its official currency is the Mozambican metical (MZN). Traffic is driven on the left, just as in Britain. The phone IDD code is +258. The electricity is 220V/50Hz using European plug.
In 2009, it had an estimated nominal GDP of just $9.831 billion, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of only $464. The per capita GDP at purchasing power parity is $933. Mozambique is a very poor country. Having said that however, the country has posted high GDP growth in the past decade (2001-2010), averaging 7.9%.
Sunset at Ilha do Ibo, Mozambiquehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ilha_do_Ibo-sunset-02.jpg
Mozambique was historically settled by Bantu-speaking tribes. Arab traders and merchants established settlements along its coastal areas. By around 1500, the Portuguese became the first European to arrive. They gradually increased their control and made Mozambique a colony. Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal on 25 June, 1975.
Mozambique experiences a tropical climate with two distinct season. The wet season is from October to March while the dry season from April to September. The hottest part of the year is February, when temperature goes up to 31°C (87.8°F) while the coolest is July, when it may drop to 13°C (55.4°F).
Landscape of Mozambiquehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:On_the_road_again.jpg
Planning your visit to Mozambique
Apart from the citizens of Botswana, Malawi, Mauritius, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe, all other visitors to Mozambique need a visa. It can be obtained upon arrival at the airport in Maputo.
Maputo International Airport (MPM) is the biggest airport and main gateway to Mozambique. TAP Portugal operates scheduled flights connecting Maputo with Lisbon.
Major Cities in Mozambique
Places of Interest in Mozambique
- Bazaruto Archipelago
- Cahora Bassa
- Gorongosa National Park
- Ponto d'Ouro
- Quirimbas Archipelago & Quirimbas National Park
- Tofo Beach
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