Beautiful scene on Nahuel Huapi Lake, as seen from the San Carlos de Bariloche coast of Nahuel Huapi National Park, Argentinahttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lago_Nahuel_Huapi.jpg
is the largest Spanish-speaking country in South America. With an area of 2,766,890 sq km (1,068,302 sq miles), it is also the second-largest country in South America, and the eighth largest in the world by area. Argentina has a population of slightly over 40 million people, making it the fourth most populous Spanish-speaking country behind Mexico, Colombia and Spain.
The capital and largest city in Argentina is Buenos Aires, a city of 13 million people. It is the second most populous metropolitan area in South America after São Paulo.
Within Argentina is great geographic diversity, from the snow-capped peaks of the Andes and the plains of Patagonia, to the stylish metropolis of Buenos Aires. Argentina has many things to offer visitors, from the expansive vistas and frontierland atmosphere of the country to the tango and football of the cities.
The majority of the most populated areas of Argentina experiences a temperate climate. It is cold in winter and hot and humid in summer. There are extreme climatic conditions in some of the harshes parts of the country. In the deserts of Cuyo, temperatures may rise to 50°C during extremely hot summers, while the Andes and Patagonia may experience extremely cold winters.
Fast Facts about Argentina
- Official Name: Argentina
- Capital: Buenos Aires (11,500,000)
- Population of Argentina: 299,114,000
- Languages: Spanish, English, Italian, others
- Currency: Argentine peso (ARS)
- Religions: Roman Catholic (92%), Protestant, others
- Size: 2,766,890 sq km (1,068,301 sq miles)
- Region: North America
Places in Argentina on this website
Main Cities of Argentina
- Buenos Aires
Capital and biggest city in Argentina.
The second largest city in Argentina, located in the heart of the Pampas, located in a valley surrounded by mountain groups.
- La Plata
Capital of the Buenos Aires Province, located 56 km southeast of Buenos Aires.
The fourth largest city, and centre of the wine producing country of Argentina.
The third largest city in Argentina, located in Santa Fe province, with plenty to see and do for tourists.
- San Juan
Another major wine-producing center of Argentina.
- San Miguel de Tucumán
Sixth largest city in Argentina, and the largest in the northwest of the country.
Major Destinations in Argentina
- Cristo Redentor Statue
- Nahuel Huapi National Park
Park with beautiful vistas in Patagonia, in the foothills of the Andes.
- El Calafate
Base for visiting the Glacier National Park.
- Perito Moreno Glacier
One of the most spectacular glaciers in Argentina.
- Ibera Wetlands
Major nature reserve and a place to view the wildlife of the marshes.
- Las Leñas and San Carlos de Bariloche
Major ski resorts in Argentina.
- Tierra del Fuego
Archipelago shared between Argentina and Chile.
Categories of Sights in Argentina
The Perito Moreno Glacier advances into the frigid waters of Patagoniahttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Perito_moreno_argentini%C3%AB.JPEG
The beautiful interior of Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Luján, a cathedral in Luján, Buenos Aires Province, Argentinahttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Luj%C3%A1n_-_Bas%C3%ADlica_de_Nuestra_Se%C3%B1ora_de_Luj%C3%A1n_-_200807f.jpg
Planning your trip to Argentina
Ezeiza International Airport in Buenos Aires is the main international gateway to the country, receiving flights from other continents. Qantas flies three three times a week from Sydney, Malaysia Airlines twice a week from Kuala Lumpur via Cape Town and Johannesburg, British Airways, Lufthansa, Iberia and Air France are some of the European airlines that also flies to Buenos Aires.
Argentina's own Aerolíneas Argentinas and LAN Argentina offer flights between Buenos Aires and major cities in South America, North America, Europe as well as Australia.
From the airport, you can get a taxi to downtown Buenos Aires at a fixed rate of 74 pesos.
Take note that there is an "Airport Entry Fee" which varies by nationality, on arrival in Argentina; and a fixed "Departure Tax" of US$29 for flying out of the country.
The majestic Argentine National Congress Building in Buenos Aires, Argentinahttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Argentina_Congreso.JPG
Preparing Money for your trip to Argentina
The currency used in Argentina is the Argentinian Peso (ARS).
Planning your travel within Argentina
The train is being promoted by the Argentinian government as the preferred form of transport across the country. One of the major train operators is Ferrobaires (www.ferrobaires.gba.gov.ar).
World Heritage Sites in Argentina
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