is an island nation in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. It comprises the island of Grenada and six smaller islands. Grenada is located to the northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, to the northeast of Venezuela, and to the southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. It covers 344 sq km (132.8 sq mi) and has a population of about 110,000 (2011 estimate). 82% of the population are of ethnic African Caribbeans, while 13% are a mix of blacks and Europeans. The capital and biggest city is St. George's.
Grenada is four hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-4). Traffic here is driven on the left. The official currency is the East Caribbean dollar (XCD). The phone IDD code is +1-473. In 2009, Grenada had an estimated nominal GDP of $615 million, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of $5,969. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity was $10,712.
St George's, Grenadahttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:StGeorges.jpg
The Spanish arrived at Grenada in 1498. The island was then inhabited by the indigenous Kalinago tribe. In 1650, the French established a settlement here after conquering the local tribe, and named the island La Grenade.
The British took over the island through the Treaty of Paris of 1783. Over a century later, in 1877, it was made a Crown Colony. Grenada attained "Associated State of the United Kingdom" in 1967, which provided it a semi-autonomous status. However the island was rocked by civil war with paramilitary attack led by Maurice Bishop on the elected government, which he accused of winning the 1976 elections through fraud.
Bishop suspended the constitution and ruled by decree. He was sympathetic to Cuba and the Soviet Union, and was gradually turning Grenada into a socialist state. His Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard, however found Bishop insufficiently revolutionary. On 19 october, 1983, Coard staged a coup and placed Bishop under house arrest. He was later freed by demonstrators, but before he could resume power, he was captured and murdered. Coard then put the island under martial law.
Memorial to the servicemen killed in the Invasion of Grenada, at St. George's Universityhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GrenadaMemorial.jpg
The political developments of Grenada so worried the United States that President Ronald Reagan sent US troops to invade Grenada, an act that was widely condemned by the governments of the United Kingdom, Trinidad and Tobago and Canada.
Grenada was hit by Hurricane Ivan on 7 September, 2004, causing damaged to 90% of all the homes on the island. Remarkably, the island has almost fully recovered from the disaster, with new buildings and hotels built on the island under improved building codes.
Planning your visit to Grenada
Visitors to Greneda need proof of onward ticket. Visas are not required for nationals of the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, British Commonwealth countries, Caribbean countries (except Cuba), Venezuela, the European Union, Norway, Japan and Israel.
The Maurice Bishop International Airport (GND) is the gateway to Grenada. It is connected by flight with cities in North America and London.
Saint George's, Grenadahttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grenada_Saint_George%27s_Downtown.JPG
Major Cities in Grenada
- St George's - capital
- Grand Anse Bay
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