Tim's Encyclopedia
Qatar (قطر) Travel Tips

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Qatar Travel TipsQatar Travel Tips
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Laika_ac_Doha_(8396854974).jpg
authorshipLaika ac

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Qatar is a country occupying the Qatar Peninsula off the Arabian Peninsula, in the Middle East. The country is surrounded by the Persian Gulf, with a border shared with Saudi Arabia to the south. Qatar covers 11,437 sq km (4,416 sq mi) and has a population of 1.7 million people (2011 estimate). The capital and largest city is Doha.

Qatar is three hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+3). The official currency here is the Riyal (QAR). The phone IDD code is +974. Traffic is driven on the right in this country. The electricity of Qatar is 240V/50Hz using UK plugs.

Qatar today has the world's highest GDP per capita. Its economy is based on the export of oil and natural gas. The country has the largest per capita production and proven reserves of both commodities, resulting in the second highest human development index in the Arab world after the United Arab Emirates.

Major Cities in Qatar

  1. Doha - capital
  2. Al-Khor

Places of Interest in Qatar

  1. Khor Al Udeid
  2. Zubarah

Outside the souk in DohaOutside the souk in Doha
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Outside_the_souk_(12542816483).jpg
authorshipFrancisco Anzola

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People have been living in the Qatari area since the time of antiquity. The inhabitants were pagans until the spread of Islam to the area in the 7th century. Due to the harsh climate, population has been sparse, limited to only a few nomadic tribes.

The Portuguese colonized Qatar and ruled it from 1517 until 1538, when they lost it to the Ottomans. Qatar was part of the Ottoman Empire until 1913. Qatar was a British protectorate from 1916 until independence on 3 September, 1971.

Planning your trip to Qatar

The Doha International Airport (DOH) is the only commercial airport in Qatar. It is the base of Qatar Airways. Foreign workers in the oil and gas industries form a big portion of its traffic. The airport will soon be replaced by the New Doha International Airport presently under construction.

Zubara Fort, now a museum in Qatar
Zubara Fort, now a museum in Qatar
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zubara_Fort.jpg
authorshipRafeek Qatar
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Church of Our Lady of Rosary, Qatar
Church of Our Lady of Rosary, the first church in Qatar, within one of the largest Christian centres in the Gulf region
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Church_of_Our_Lady_of_the_Rosary,_Doha,_Qatar_cross_detail.jpg
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