Timothy Tye
Indian National Army Monument


Indian National Army Monument, SingaporeIndian National Army Monument, Singapore (12 September, 2010)




The Indian National Army Monument (GPS: 1.28941, 103.85373) is a monument in the Esplanade Park in Singapore. The present monument is a rebuilt replacing the original monument which was located along Connaught Drive. On one side of the monument is information on the history of the Indian National Army Monument.

The Indian National Army Monument was constructed to commemorate the "Unknown Warrior" of the Indian National Army. The words inscribed on the war memorial were its motto, which is Unity (Ittefaq), Faith (Etmad) and Sacrifice (Kurbani). It was built during the Japanese Occupation of Singapore as the Japanese and the Indian National Army (INA) had one enemy in common: the British.

The foundation stone was laid on July 8, 1945, just months before Singapore returned into British hands, and was completed by the Japanese within a month. The monument was influenced by Subhas Chandra Bose, the co-founder of the INA and Head of State of the Provisional Government of Free India, who also laid the foundation stone for the monument. The INA was backed by the Japanese forces for its goal of liberating India from its British colonial masters.

In 1945, after the Japanese retreated from Singapore and the subsequent surrender of the remaining divisions of the Indian National Army to the advancing British, the British commander Lord Louis Mountbatten ordered the memorial to be destroyed to remove all traces of rebellion against British imperial authority. By attempting to completely erase all records of the INA's existence, he intended to prevent the seeds of the idea of a revolutionary socialist liberation force from spreading into the vestiges of British colonies, amidst the spectre of Cold War politics already taking shape at the time, which had haunted the colonial powers before the war.

In 1995, long after Singapore achieved Independence from Britain, the National Heritage Board marked the place as a historical site and subsequently with financial donations from the Indian community in Singapore, a new monument commemorating the previous one was erected on that spot.

Indian National Army Monument, SingaporeThe reverse side of the Indian National Army Monument, with interpretation. (12 September, 2010)

The Indian National Army Monument is on the map of Esplanade Park

List of Monuments in Singapore




 Latest pages according to Timothy Tye

 List of 529 sights in Singapore

 List of 187 streets in Singapore

Planning Areas of Singapore

"Planning Areas" are the de facto districts of Singapore. This map shows you all the planning areas of the island nation. Click on them to get to know each area.

Explore Singapore made easy with MRT

This comprehensive map of the Singapore Mass Rapid Transit shows you every station in the network, so that you can easily plan your journeys and change trains accordingly. As with the bus and LRT, you are charged a fare according to the distance travelled.

 Buy Your Long-Distance Bus Tickets Here!

If you are planning to travel Malaysia and Singapore by bus, you can now purchase your long-distance bus tickets directly from Bus Online Ticket, where you get to check the schedule as well as price of tickets from various bus companies.

About me

Thank you for visiting my website. I started it in 2003, and today it has over twenty thousand pages of information. My name is . You can call me Tim. I have been writing my website full time since 1 November 2007, and I am enjoying every moment of it. I write my website to satisfy my own curiosity, but I am glad if the information is useful to you.

As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News to those who need it all over the world. If you wish to contact me, please submit the contact form. Thanks again, don't forget to follow me on Facebook!



Copyright © 2003-2018 Timothy Tye. All Rights Reserved.