Tim's Encyclopedia
South Korea (대한민국) Travel Tips



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Expo Bridge, DaejeonExpo Bridge, Daejeon
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authorshipYoo Chung
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South Korea (대한민국), or officially the Republic of Korea, is a country on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. It is often called the "Land of the Morning Calm". South Korea is neighbored by China to the west and Japan to the east, and borders North Korea to the north.

Namdaemun at nightNamdaemun at night
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Seoul-Namdaemun-at.night-05.jpg
authorship南宮博士
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The capital of South Korea, Seoul, is said to be the second largest metropolitan city in the world. South Korea enjoys a temperate climate. The country is predominantly mountainous, and covers a total area of 100,032 sq km (38,691 sq mi). With a population of almost 50 million, it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

South Korea is a developed country with a high standard of living. It has the fourth largest economy in Asia and the 15th largest in the world. It is also the second largest advanced economy in Asia.



Bulguksa in GyeongjuBulguksa in Gyeongju
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Korea-Gyeongju-Bulguksa-20.jpg
authorshipeimoberg
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South Korea is nine hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+9). Its official currency is called the South Korean Won (KRW). Traffic is driven on the right here. The electricity is 220V/60Hz using European plug. The phone IDD code is +82.

In 2010, South Korea had a nominal GDP of $986.256 billion, or a per capita nominal GDP of $20,165. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity stood at $29,791. In comparison, the population of South Korea is twice that of North Korea. Its GDP is 35 times that of North Korea.

South Korea is one of the world's top ten exporters, and is a leader in technologically advanced goods such as electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics, headed by Samsung, LG and Hyundai-Kia. South Korea is a member of the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit, and a major non-NATO ally of the United States.

GeoneopoGeoneopo, or dried seafood, on sale in Korea
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Korean.cuisine-Geoneopo-01.jpg
authorshipIwy
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Politically, South Korea is a presidential republic comprising 16 administrative divisions. According to history and archaeological discoveries, the Korean Peninsula has been inhabited as early as the Lower Paleolithic period. The history of Korea began with the founding of the Gojoseon kingdom in 2333 BC by Dangun.

Following the unification of North and South States period under Goryeo 936 AD, Korea went through the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty as one nation until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910. After liberation and division, South Korea was established in 1948 as a democracy. Following the Korean War, the South Korean economy began to grow significantly, transforming the country into a major global economy.

Busan from Weolbongsa TemplePanoramic view of Busan from Weolbongsa Temple
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Korea-Weolbongsa_6778-07.JPG
authorshipSteve46814
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Major Cities in South Korea

Places of Interest in South Korea

  1. Andong
  2. Boseong
  3. Guinsa
  4. Jindo
  5. Panmunjeon
  6. Seoraksan National Park
  7. Ulleungdo
  8. Yeosu

World Heritage Sites in South Korea


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