Church of St Margaret in the town of Kašperské Hory, Czech Republichttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ka%C5%A1persk%C3%A9_Hory_od_Li%C5%A1%C4%8D%C3%ADho_vrchu.jpg
is a small landlocked country in Central Europe. Covering 78,866 sq km (30,450 sq mi), it has a population of 10.7 million people (2011 estimate). The capital and largest city is Prague. The Czech Republic is bordered by Germany to the west and northwest, Poland to the northeast, Slovakia to the southeast, and Austria to the south.
The Czech Republic is today a parliamentary republic headed by a president and a prime minister. Official languages of the country are Czech and Slovak. Over 90% of the population are ethnic Czechs while the remainer are Moravians and Slovaks. The Czech Republic is in the Central European Time zone, which is an hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+1)in winter and UTC+2 in summer.
Street of Prague, with Our Lady in front of Tỳn Churchhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prag_Teynkirche_Osten.jpg
The official currency of the Czech Republic is the Czech koruna (CZK). Phone IDD code here is +420. The electricity is 230V/50Hz using European plugs. Traffic is driven on the right. In 2010 the Czech Republic had a nominal GDP of $199 billion, and a per capita nominal GDP of $19,084. The per capita GDP at purchasing power parity was $24,832.
The Czech Republic was the Principality of Bohemia from AD 870 to 1198, and the Kingdom of Bohemia from 1198 to 1918. The collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I led to the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, incorporating Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and the Carpathian Ruthenia. In November 1989, the Velvet revolution returned the country to a liberal democracy and on 1 January, 1993, the country peacefully split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic was recognised as a developed country by the World Bank in 2006.
Přemysl Otakar II Square in České Budějovice, Czech Republichttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CBud_sqr.jpg
Planning your trip to the Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is today a member of the Schengen Agreement, meaning visitors from the EU and EFTA countries only need to bring an approved ID to visit. The Prague Ruzyně International Airport (PRG) is the gateway to the Czech Republic. It is located 10 km to the west of downtown Prague. The airport is the home base for Czech national carrier Czech Airlines. It receives regular flights from major cities in Europe.
Preparing Money for your trip to the Czech Republic
The currency used in the Czech Republic is the Czech Koruna (CZK).
České Krumlov in winter, Czech Republichttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cesky_Krumlov-Asahiko2.jpg
Cities, Towns & Sights in Czech Republic
Places of Interest in Czech Republic
- Bohemian Paradise
- Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou
- Karlštejn Castle
- Krkono še
- Mariánské Lázně
The Czech Republic ratified the World Heritage Convention on 26 March, 1993. As of August 2010, it has 12 World Heritage Sites, all in the cultural category. Czech Republic also has another 15 sites on the World Heritage Tentative List.
World Heritage Sites in Czech Republic
Sites in Czech Republic on the World Heritage Tentative List
- Renaissance Houses at Slavonice (2001)
- Paper Mill at Velké Losiny (2001)
- Fishpond Network in the Trebon Basin (2001)
- Český ráj (Czech Paradise) Rock Cities (2001)
- Sites of Great Moravia: Slavonic Fortified Settlement at Mikulcice - Church of St.Margaret at Kopčani (2001)
- The Industrial Complexes at Ostrava (2001)
- The Forstress of Terezín (2001)
- The Spa at Luhacovice (2001)
- The Betlém Rock Sculptures near Kuks (2001)
- The Karlstejn Castle (2001)
- Extension of the World Heritage Site "Historic Centre of Prague" with the important Monuments in its Vicinity (2001)
- Cultural landscape of the stud farm at Kladruby nad Labem (2007)
- Mountain-top Hotel and Television Transmitter Ješted (2007)
- Žatec - the Hops Town (2007)
- The West Bohemian Spa Triangle (2008)
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