Hungary Parliament Building, Budapesthttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Orsz%C3%A1gh%C3%A1z_(509._sz%C3%A1m%C3%BA_m%C5%B1eml%C3%A9k)_35.jpg
is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It covers 93,030 sq km (35,919 sq mi) and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Austria to the west, Slovenia to the southwest, Croatia and Serbia to the south, Romania to the east and Ukraine to the northeast. Hungary has a population of about 10 million people (2011 estimate). Its capital and biggest city is Budapest.
Hungary is in the Central European Time Zone, which is an hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+1), and two hours in summer. Its official currency is called the Forint (HUF). Its phone IDD code is +36. Traffic is driven on the right. The electricity is 230V/50Hz using European plug.
In 2009, Hungary had a nominal GDP of $129.4 billion, and a per capita nominal GDP of $12,926. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity stood at $18,566. The country is a member of the European Union, NATO and OECD.
Megyeri Bridge, Budapesthttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Megyeri_h%C3%ADd.jpg
The land where Hungary is located today was inhabited by the Celts from circa 450 BC until 9 AD, when Roman occupation began. Local rule began in the late 9th century with ruler Ápád. Between 1541 and 1699, the land was occupied by the Ottomans, aftger which Hungary became part of the Habsburg Monarchy, which later became the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy in 1867.
World War I dealt a devastating blow on Hungary, which lost 70% of its territory. Hungary was under communism from 1947 until 1989, when it accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc by opening its border with Austria. Today Hungary is a parliamentary republic headed by a president and a prime minister.
Planning your visit to Hungary
Hungary is a member of the Schengen Agreement. Visitors from EU and EFTA countries only need to bring an approved ID to enter. As of January 2011, you do not need a visa for entering Hungary or any other Schengen member country if you are a citizen of Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Macau, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, United States, Uruguay, Vatican City, and Venezuela.
Budapest Franz Liszt International Airport (BUD) is the largest of the five international airports in Hungary. It has connections with most major cities in Europe, as well as a select number of destinations elsewhere. The airport is located 16 km (10 miles) to the southeast of downtown Budapest, which can be reached by road.
Preparing Money for your trip to Hungary
The currency used in Hungary is the Hungarian Forint (HUF).
Cities and Towns of Hungary
World Heritage Sites in Hungary
Hungary ratified the World Heritage Convention on 15 July, 1985. As of August 2010, it has 8 World Heritage Sites, of which all are cultural sites except for one. Hungary also has another 11 sites on the World Heritage Tentative List.
Sites in Hungary on the World Heritage Tentative List
- Le Château-fort médiéval d'Esztergom (1993)
- The Tihany Peninsula (1993)
- Caves of the Buda Thermal Karst System (1993)
- Mediaeval Royal Seat and Parkland at Visegrád (2000)
- System of Fortifications at the Confluence of the Rivers Danube and Váh in Komárno - Komárom (2007)
- The Network of Rural Heritage Buildings in Hungary (2000)
- State Stud-Farm Estate of Mezöhegyes (2000)
- The Wooden Churches of the Northern Part of the Carpathian Basin (2000)
- The Ipolytartnóc Fossils (2000)
- Ödön Lechner's independent pre-modern architecture (2008)
- Frontiers of the Roman Empire - Ripa Pannonica in Hungary (2009)
Places of Interest in Hungary
- Aggtelek Caves
- Lake Balaton
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