Discover with Timothy Tye
Discover Sudan with Timothy Tye

Start here
Look for Property in Penang

Meroe Pyramids, SudanMeroe Pyramids, Sudan
photo source
authorshipFabrizio Demartis
photo licensing

Sudan is one of the major countries in Africa. Officially known as the Republic of Sudan, it covers 2,505,813 sq km (967,500 sq mi) but is expected to be reduced to 1,886,068 sq km (728,215 sq mi) when the Republic of Southern Sudan secede on 9 July, 2011.

When the new state comes into being, the Republic of Sudan will be bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, the Republic of Southern Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, and Eritrea to the east. The Republic of Sudan will also have a coastline on the Red Sea to the northeast. It will have a population of about 36 million (2011 estimate). The capital and largest city will be Khartoum.

Kalabsha Temple, SudanKalabsha Temple, Sudan
photo source
authorshipKaren Green
photo licensing

Mahdi's Tomb in Omdurman, SudanMahdi's Tomb in Omdurman, Sudan
photo source
authorshipPetr Adam Dohnálek
photo licensing

The Republic of Southern Sudan will be a landlocked country covering 619,745 sq km (239,285 sq mi). It will have a population of around 8.5 million people (2011 estimate). Its capital will be Juba. Southern Sudan will be bordered by the Republic of Sudan to the north, the Central African Republic to the west, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, Uganda to the south, Kenya to the southeast and Ethiopia to the east.

Sudan and Southern Sudan observe the East Africa Time, which is three hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+3), without Daylight Saving Time. Their phone IDD code is presently +249. Traffic is driven on the right in both countries. The currency is presently the Sudanese pound (SDG).

Sudan, as a whole, had a 2010 estimated nominal GDP of $65.742 billion, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of $1,638. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity was $2,464. Despite its political turmoil, it is one of the faster growing countries in Africa. Observers noted that the economy of Sudan has been on the rise for the past decade. Its economy is based on the export of oil, which has enabled it to record a trade surplus since 1999. The country is also rich in natural gas, gold, silver, and other minerals.

Dovecote near El Kurru, SudanDovecote near El Kurru, Sudan
photo source
photo licensing

Southern Sudan is expected to inherit the wealth from oil, as 85% of Sudanese oil comes from Southern Sudan. According to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the revenue from oil will be split equally for the duration of the agreement period.

The history of Sudan goes back thousands of years. The land has had strong cultural ties with Egypt. It was known to the ancient Egyptians as the Kush. Over centuries, various rulers of Kush and Egypt have attacked and conquered each other's territories.

In AD 540, the kings of Nubia, on the eastern part of Sudan, were converted to Christianity by a missionary sent by the Byzantine empress Theodora. About a century later, Islam was also introduced in Nubia through intermarriages and contacts with the Arabs.

Woman preparing food, SudanWoman preparing food, Sudan
photo source
authorshipDominik HES
photo licensing

Sudan was conquered and ruled by Muhammad Ali Pasha, the Albanian-Ottoman ruler of Egypt, in 1820. Although technically ruling Egypt under the Ottoman Sultan, Muhammad Ali styled himself as ruler of a virtually independent Egypt. He brought Sudan under his control by sending his son Ismail to conquer it. British involvement in the affairs of Egypt and Sudan began in 1882.

In 1885, control over Sudan passed to Muhammad Ahmad ibn Abd Allah, the Mahdi, who staged a revolt against the rule of Egypt and Britain. The Mahdist ruled until 1899, when they were defeated, establishing the Anglo-Egyptian rule on Sudan. Sudan was a colony of Britain until its independence in 1956.

Blue Nile Falls, SudanBlue Nile Falls, Sudan
photo source
photo licensing

Immediately after independence, Sudan was thrown into a long-lasting civil war from 1955 to 1972, called the First Sudanese Civil War. Conflict erupted again in 1983, in the Second Sudanese Civil War, between Northern Sudanese and Southern Sudanese. The war only ended with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement on 9 January, 2005. A referendum held in January 2011 led to the eventual secesion of Southern Sudan on 9 July 2011.

Planning your visit to Sudan

Casual travel within much of Sudan remains highly dangerous with extremist groups targetting tourists for kidnapping. Casual travelers and tourists are therefore urged to avoid going to Sudan until the situation in the country improves.

Major Cities in Sudan

  1. Khartoum - capital, Sudan
  2. Omdurman - biggest city
  3. Al Ubayyid
  4. Kassala
  5. Meroe
  6. Nyala
  7. Port Sudan

Places of Interest in Sudan

  1. Nubian Pyramids
  2. Old Dongola

Add your business/shop to my site

How would you like to have your business or shop added to this website, so that would-be customers can easily find you? This website provides place information of the whole world, with special emphasis on Malaysia and Singapore.

If you has a shop or business anywhere in Malaysia or Singapore, with a physical location, you may have your shop listed on one of the pages of this site. For example, a shop in Cheras will be placed on the Cheras page, another in Kota Bharu is listed in the Kota Bharu page, and so on. You only need to pay a one-time fee, and your shop will be listed for you for as long as this site is still running. There are different placement plans available. To find out more, CONTACT ME

Going somewhere?

If you're travelling somewhere, look for accommodation using the Search Hotel engine below. It helps you find the online booking site that offers the best rates for the room you want.

Going somewhere by express bus in Malaysia/Singapore?

Book your bus ticket online right here. It is easy, safe and fast!.

Book your hotel room here

If you're traveling somewhere soon, book your hotel room online with Agoda. Agoda offers the best prices on 2,000,000+ properties worldwide. Click here to find the room you want.

Looking for a book? Get it from Book Depository with free delivery worldwide!

I have just discovered Book Depository, a subsidiary of, and I love it. This is where you can buy books and have them sent to you. But unlike Amazon, when you purchase using Book Depository, you enjoy free delivery worldwide. Give it a try today!

 Latest pages in Discover with Timothy Tye

 Vital Links

Hire a car | Our Recipes | Facebook Posts | Just Curious | Not In The Dictionary | Our Flowering Garden

My YouTube Videos

Timothy Tye YouTube Channel

Check out my YouTube Channel and don't forget to subscribe!

 Discover the World

About Timothy Tye

Welcome to my website, Discover with Timothy Tye. I started it in 2003 to freely share information about places. Today it has close to thirty thousand pages. I have been writing this website full time since 1 November 2007, and continue to do so as a means to satisfy my curiosity about the world around me. I am happy if the information I have assembled is useful to you. Please follow me on Facebook!

As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News to those who need it all over the world. If you wish to contact me, please submit the contact form. Thanks again, don't forget to follow me on Facebook!

 Malaysia Travel Tips!

My Malaysia Travel Tips has useful information on every state in Malaysia (Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu) and every major city and destination (Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Ipoh, Langkawi, Cameron Highlands, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Alor Setar, Seremban, Petaling Jaya, Putrajaya, Kota Bharu, Kuala Terengganu, Taiping) and hundreds of smaller towns.

 Singapore Travel Tips!

In addition to covering Malaysia, I have created the travel tips for Singapore. Please visit my Singapore Travel Tips for browse through the pages there.


This website is hosted on Bluehost, one of the biggest web hosting companies in the world.

Copyright © 2003-2019 Timothy Tye. All Rights Reserved.