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Discover Trinidad and Tobago with Timothy Tye

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Parlatuvier Bay in Trinidad and TobagoParlatuvier Bay in Trinidad and Tobago
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Trinidad and Tobago is a small island nation in the southern Caribbean. It comprises the two main islands of Trinidad and Tobago, along with numerous small islets. The country has a total area of 5,128 sq km (1,980 sq mi), and a population of about 1.31 million people (2011 estimate). The official language here is English. The capital, Port of Spain, is located on the island of Trinidad, as is its biggest city, San Fernando.

Trinidad and Tobago is four hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-4). The official currency here is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD). Traffic is driven on the left. The phone IDD code here is +1-868. The electricity is 115V/60Hz using North American plug.

International Financial Centre, Port of Spain, TrinidadInternational Financial Centre, Port of Spain, Trinidad
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authorshipChris Fitzpatrick

Trinidad and Tobago is one of the wealthier countries of the Caribbean. Its 2010 estimated nominal GDP stood at $21.195 billion, equivalent to a per capita nominal GDP of $16,167. Its per capita GDP at purchasing power parity stood at $20,137. Its economy is supported mainly by the petroleum and petrochemical industries. Tourism and manufacturing are also important to the economy, although Trinidad and Tobago is not as dependent on tourism as other islands of the Caribbean.

Trinidad and Tobago experiences a maritime tropical climate with temperature that is quite uniform throughout the year.

Mayaro Beach in Trinidad and TobagoMayaro Beach in Trinidad and Tobago
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Christopher Columbus arrived in Trinidad on 31 July 1498. Then in 1530 Antonio de Sedeño established a settlement there. It was under the Spanish until 1797, when General Sir Ralph Abercromby arrived, and the Spanish governor capitulated without fighting. It was formally ceded to Britain in 1802, after which the island received an influx of settlers from England and other British colonies in the Eastern Caribbean.

Trinidad and Tobago attained their independence from Britain in 1962. It became a republic in 1976, though remaining within the Commonwealth of Nations. Being an exporter of petroleum, Trinidad and Tobago benefited from each wave of oil boom, allowing the country to reduce its dependency on agriculture. The country is further diversifying into finances and services as alternative income earners.

Buccoo Reef in TobagoBuccoo Reef in Tobago
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authorshipReinhard, Jahn
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Planning your visit to Trinidad and Tobago

Visitors to Trinidad and Tobago must have proof of return ticket and proof of funds to maintain themselves during their stay. Visitors from the United States, Canada, Singapore and most European Union countries do not need a visa to enter Trinidad and Tobago.

Piarco International Airport (POS) is the main airport serving Trinidad and Tobago. It is located on the island of Trinidad, about 25 km to the east of Port of Spain. The island of Tobago also has its own international airport, the Crown Point International Airport (TAB).

Preparing Money for your trip to Trinidad & Tobago

The currency used in Trinidad & Tobago is the Trinidad dollar (TTD).

Major Cities in Trinidad and Tobago

  1. Port of Spain - capital
  2. San Fernando - biggest city
  3. Scarborough - capital of Tobago
  4. Chaguaramas
  5. Princes Town
  6. Toco

Places of Interest in Trinidad and Tobago

  1. Caroni Bird Sanctuary
  2. La Brea Pitch Lake
  3. Lopinot Historical Site
  4. Roxborough

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