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Hawaii Travel Tips

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Na Pali Coast State ParkNa Pali Coast State Park
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Hawaii is an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean. It comprises eight main islands, namely Ni'ihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Kaho'olawe, Maui and Hawaii. The island of Hawaii is also called the Big Island, to avoid confusing it with the state, which carries the same name. It is the biggest but not the most populous island in the group.

Maui seascapeMaui seascape
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authorshipForest & Kim Starr

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Hawaii is the fifth and presently last state to be added to theUnited States. It became a U.S. state on 21 August, 1959. The state has a total land area of 10,931 sq miles (28,311 sq km) and a population of 1,288,000 people. The highest mountain in Hawaii is Mauna Kea, standing at a height of 13,796 feet (4,205 meters).

The most populous island in Hawaii is Oahu. The capital and largest city in Hawaii, Honolulu, is located there.

Honolulu from Diamond HeadHonolulu from Diamond Head
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authorshipTina Saey

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Evidence of human habitation in Hawaii stretches back to as early as 300 BC. The earliest settlers were probably Polynesians from the Marquesas. They were followed by later waves of immigration by Polynesians from other parts of the Pacific.

British explorer Captain James Cook arrived in Hawaii in 1778. It was also in Hawaii in 1779 that Cook was killed when he attempted to abduct the King of the Big Island, Kalani'opu'u. Contact with Europeans brought along diseases that the native Hawaiians had no resistance over, and these decimated the population.

Lapakahi State Park, FloridaLapakahi State Park, Florida
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authorshipMakana Chai

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Hawaii was a sovereign kingdom from 1810 to 1893, when the monarchy was overthrown by resident American (and some European) businessmen. It became an independent republic from 1894 until 1898, when it was annexed as a territory of the United States, before gaining statehood in 1959.

Hawaii experiences tropical climate. Temperature is fairly constant throughout the year, although there are variations between the summer months, when average temperature reaches the upper 80°F (around 31°C) and winter months, when it drops to the mid 60°F (18°C). The northern and eastern parts of the Hawaiian island receive more rain with Mount Wai-ale-ale in Kaua'i receiving the second highest average annual rainfall on earth, a hefty 460 inches (11.7 meters). In Hawaii, May to October is the dry season while October to April is the wet season.

Puhilele Haleakala National Park, MauiPuhilele Haleakala National Park, Maui
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authorshipForest & Kim Starr

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Travel to Hawaii

Most flights from mainland US and all international flights land at Honolulu International Airport (HNL). From here, you can take inter-island flights to the other islands of the state.

Budget travelers from Australia can now fly Jetstar to Honolulu from Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney.

Travel within Hawaii

Most travelers fly between the Hawaiian islands. There are six inter-island airlines, namely Hawaiian Airlines, MarJet Hawaii, Mokulele Airlines, Island Air, Pacific Wings and Go Mokulele.

Cities in Hawaii

  1. Honolulu (374,700)
    Capital and most populous city in Hawaii.

  2. Hilo (41,000)
    Second biggest city in Hawaii, located on the Big Island.

  3. Kailua (36,500)
    Town within Honolulu County.

Islands of the Hawaiian Group

  1. Big Island (4,028 sq miles)

  2. Maui (727.2 sq miles)

  3. Oahu (596.7 sq miles)

  4. Kauai (562.3 sq miles)

  5. Molokai (260 sq miles)

  6. Lanai (140.5 sq miles)

  7. Niihau (69.5 sq miles)

  8. Kahoolawe (44.6 sq miles)

Major Attractions in Hawaii

  1. Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
  2. Kalaupapa National Historical Park
  3. Na Pali Coast State Park
  4. Puuhonua o Hanaunau National Historical Park
  5. USS Arizona Memorial
  6. Waikiki Beach
  7. Waimea Canyon State Park

National Parks of Hawaii

National Monuments in and nearest Hawaii

World Heritage Sites of Hawaii

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