is a major city in Floria. With an urbanized area population of 4.9 million people, it is the fourth largest city in the United States behind New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago. The city is an important center for finance, commerce, culture, media, education, entertainment and international trade.
The area around Miami was first settled by the Tequestas Native Americans more than a thousand years ago. Pedro Menéndez de Avilés claimed the land for Spain in 1566. The person who actually developed the place and establish it as a township was a woman named Julia DeForest Tuttle née Sturtevant. She used the money inherited from her father's passing to buy the 640 acres of land on which the city of Miami is today located.
The birth of Miami was in a way the result of the Great Freeze of 1894-95 which destroyed the crops elsewhere buy spared the Miami area. Julia Tuttle used that as an opportunity to convince railroad magnate Henry Flagler to extend his railway line to Florida. Miami was incorporated as a city the subsequent year, on 28 July, 1896, when its population stood at a mere 300.
Due to its proximity to Cuba, Miami became the gateway for Cuba refugees subsequent to Fidel Castro's rise to power. The city has a high percentage of Hispanic population, and is a popular location for the headquarters of Latin American operations for many multinational companies.
Since the beginning of the new millennium, Miami has experience a construction boom that is radically changing its skyline. It is home to eight of the tallest skyscrapers in Florida.
Cathedral of St Mary, Miamihttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Miami_Cathedral_of_Saint_Mary.jpg
Travel to Miami
The Miami International Airport (MIA) is located to the west of downtown Miami. It is an important transportation hub for North America and Latin America. The main airline at the airport is American Airlines, which has regular scheduled flights connecting it with most cities in the Americas and other parts of the world.
Ground transportation from the Miami International Airport includes taxis and shuttle service. The fare for shuttle service is between $8 to $20 while for taxi it is anywhere from $14 right up to $52. Check the Miami Airport website for details.
In addition to the above, there are two types of rapid transit trains: the Metrorail and the Metromover. To take these, board the free shuttle to the Tri-Rail station.
Sea Isle Marina, Miamihttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_Isle_Marina_Miami_Florida_left_20100213.jpg
Travel within Miami
is a single light-rail transit line with 22 stations. It opened in 1984 but has not been expanded. Hence its reach is limited. Nonetheless it does cover many of the touristic areas. In addition, there is the Metromover
, a free monorail system that connects to the Metrorail at the Government Center station in downtown Miami, and at Brickell Station in Brickell. The Metromover is a great way to move about downtown Miami for free, while admiring its skyline.
The flag fall rate for taxis is $2.50 for pick up, and then $0.40 for every sixth of a mile travelled. Some destinations have fixed rates that can range from $30 to $60, making taxis a generally expensive mode of transportation in the city.
Places of Interest in Miami
- South Beach
Also called SoBe, this is a trendy district with the largest concentration of well-preserved Art Deco buildings in the world.
- Española WayA small, charming enclave of Mediterranean Revival architecture in South Beach.
- Lincoln Road Mall
Pedestrianized cultural hub of South Beach.
- The Beach
A 10-mile stretch of sandy beaches in South Beach.
- Fontainebleau Hotel
Architectural landmark that was featured in the James Bond film Goldfinger.
- Holocaust Memorial
Monument by Kenneth Treister to commemorate victims of the concentration camps.
- Bass Museum of Art
Museum housed in a 1930's Mayan-influenced Art Deco building
- Miami-Dade Cultural Center
A large cultural center with an art gallery, museum and library, including the Historical Museum of Southern Florida.
- Downtown Miami
The earliest part of town is today the Central Business District of Miami.
- Little Havana
An enclave populated by Cuban immigrants in Miami.
- Coral Gables
A beautiful well-planned city within Greater MiamI
- Biltmore Hotel
A hotel that was famous with celebrities during the 1920's.
- Venetian Pool
Said to be one of the most beautiful swimming pool in the world, this is a pool fashioned from a coral rock quarry in 1923.
- Coconut Grove Village
The oldest community in Miami and a hippy hangout in the 1960's.
Winter villa of industrialist James Deering from the early 20th century.
Sights in Greater Miami
- Ancient Spanish Monastery
Monastery cloisters originally built in Spain in the 12th century, and transported to Miami in 1925 by newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst.
- North Beaches
Neighborhoods that include posh residential areas, swanky malls, marinas and sand dunes.
- Key Biscayne
An area in Miami with excellent beaches as well as great views.
- Fairchild Tropical Garden
Beautiful tropical garden as well as botanical research institution with the world's largest collection of palm trees.
- Miami Metrozoo
One of the best zoos in the United States.
- Wings Over Miami
Aircraft museum with hangars holding an excellent collection of planes.
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