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New Mexico Travel Tips

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New Mexico, New Mexico sceneryNew Mexico, New Mexico scenery
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authorshipkarol m

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New Mexico is a state in the Southwest Region as well as Western Region of the United States. It has a total area covering 121,589 sq mi (315,194 sq km), measuring 342 miles (550 km) from east to west and 370 miles (595 km). The highest point in New Mexico is 13,161-foot (4013 meter) Wheeler Peak.

New Mexico shares a border with Colorado to the north, Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east and southeast, Arizona to the west and a common point at Four Corners with Utah to the northwest.

Carlsbad Caverns National ParkCarlsbad Caverns National Park
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authorshipDaniel Mayer

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New Mexico has a population of just over 2 million people, ranking it 36/50 in terms of population, and 44/50 in terms of population density. The biggest city in Albuquerque while the capital is Santa Fe.

New Mexico was made a state of the United States on 6 January, 1912. It was the 47th state to be admitted to the Union.

Balloon Festival of AlbuquerqueBalloon Festival of Albuquerque
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authorshipEric Ward

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The climate of New Mexico ranges from semi-arid to aria. The state is covered by mountains, high plains and desert. On the eastern portion of New Mexico is the Great Plains, a broad expanse of flat land covered by prairie, steppe and grassland. Although the average annual temperature of New Mexico is from 64°F (18°C) in the southeast to 40°F (4°C) in the mountains, during summer, temperatures can climb to above 100°F (38°C).

The vegetation in New Mexico is that of the desert. You will pass through desert grass, yucca, cacti, Creosote bush, tobosa, burrograss, and other plants associated with arid, desert landscape. The wildlife of the state include black bears, cougars, coyotes, porcupines, skunks, Mexican gray wolves, among others, as well as a good number of reptiles, rodents and birds.

Petroglyph at Petroglyph National Monument, AlbuquerquePetroglyph at Petroglyph National Monument, Albuquerque
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authorshipDaniel Schwen

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The earliest inhabitants of New Mexico are people of the Clovis culture, during the Paleolithic period. Europeans only arrived in New Mexico in the 16th century, where they came into contact with the Pueblo people and Native American tribes such as the Navajo, Apache and Ute.

The town of Santa Fe was established at the southernmost foothills of the Rocky Mountains in around 1608. The Pueblo Revolt turned the city into an abandoned town for twelve years, from 1680 until 1692, when Spanish rule was restored by Diego de Vargas. Parts of New Mexico were acquired by the United States in the Compromise of 1850 with Texas, and the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. New Mexico became the 47th state in the Union on 6 January, 1912.

Visiting New Mexico

By Plane
The main international airport in New Mexico is the Albuquerque International Sunport (ABQ). It serves as a feeder to bigger airports such as the Los Angeles and Dallas/Fort Worth international airports.

By Road
Exploring Mexico is best done by car, as public transportation is limited in sparsely populated areas. Going east-west through the state is Interstate-40 highway. It connects Albuquerque with Flagstaff in Arizona and Amarillo in Texas. Coming in from the north to pass through Albuquerque is Interstate-25, exiting the state at the international border with Mexico at Juárez.

Gila Cliff Dwellings, New MexicoVolcanic Bomb at Craters of the Moon National Monument, Idaho
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Cities in New Mexico

  1. Alamogordo (36,000)
    City famous for the first explosion of a nuclear bomb.

  2. Albuquerque (529,000)
    Largest city in New Mexico.

  3. Farmington (38,000)
    City in San Juan County.

  4. Las Cruces (94,000)
    City in the Mesilla Valley, home to New Mexico State University.

  5. Las Vegas (14,500)
    Small town in San Miguel County.

  6. Los Alamos (12,000)
    Small town on the Pajarito Plateau.

  7. Roswell (45,000)
    City famous for being an alleged UFO crash site.

  8. Santa Fe (76,000)
    Capital and fourth largest city in New Mexico.

  9. Silver City (11,000)
    Home to Western New Mexico University.

Places of Interest in New Mexico

  1. Four Corners Monument
  2. Navajo Nation
  3. New Mexico Pueblos
  4. Valles Caldera National Preserve
  5. Taos

National Parks of New Mexico

National Monuments in New Mexico

World Heritage Sites in New Mexico

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