is the biggest city as well as capital of the state of Arizona, USA. The city has a population of 1.5 million within a metropolitan area with 4.3 million people. It is the fifth biggest city in the United States.
The city of Phoenix was founded in 1868 near the confluence of the Salt River and Gila River and incorporated in 1881. It grew to become a center for industries, culture and economy for Southwestern United States.
The location of Phoenix at the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert means that it has one of the highest average temperature for a major city in the United States. For up to three months in a year the average temperature in Phoenix can rise to above 100°F (37.8°C), with the occasional spike of 120°F (48.9°C).
Travel to Phoenix
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX) is the main air gateway to Phoenix and Arizona. The airport, the primary hub for US Airways, is just 3 miles (5 km) from downtown Phoenix. It comprises three terminals, namely Terminal 2, 3 and 4. The old Terminal 1 was demolished in 1990. There is no plan to renumber the terminals as the locals are already familiar with the existing numbers.
Budget travelers can reach downtown Phoenix by taking the Phoenix Transit Bus Red Line and Bus No. 13. Alternatively you can also take a free PHX Airport Shuttle to the 44th Street and Washington METRO Light Rail station.
Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenixhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stenocereus_thurberi_-_Desert_Botanical_Garden.jpg
Travel within Phoenix
Phoenix is not a city that you can easily walk around. If the urban sprawl doesn't get you, the high summer temperature will. It is a good idea to rent a car if you don't already have one. If you are relying on public transport, there is an extensive bus system and a light rail line. The METRO Light Rail runs from north-central Phoenix, past the airport and onwards to Tempe and Mesa.
Places of Interest in Phoenix
- Arizona Mining and Mineral Museum
Museum chronicling the history of mining in Arizona.
- Arizona Science Center
Center with interactive exhibits including a virtual reality trip through the human body.
- Arizona State Capitol Museum
Former state legislature, today a museum exhibiting old photos of the city's political history.
- Camelback Mountain
Mountain with the humped shape of the camel.
- Desert Botanical Garden
Garden specializing in desert plants from all over the world.
- Heard Museum
Museum founded by newspaper tycoon Dwight Heard in 1929, with an extraordinary collection of Native American art.
- Heritage Square
Tree-lined square with elegant Victorian-era houses.
- Mystery Castle
Flamboyant structure built of cheap and discarded material.
- Phoenix Art Museum
Museum with works by 18th and 19th century American artists as well as temporary exhibits of contemporary artists.
- Phoenix Museum of History
Museum charting the history of Phoenix.
- Pueblo Grande Museum
Museum next to the 1,500-year-old ruins of a Hohokam settlement.
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