is the capital of Illinois. Located in Sangamon County in the central part of the state, Springfield covers 60.3 sq mi (156 sq km), at an average elevation of 597 ft (182 m). It has a population of 116,000 (2011 estimate), making it the sixth most populous city in Illinois. Springfield observes the Central Standard Time (UTC-6) and in summer the Central Daylight Time (UTC-5).
Springfield experiences a humid continental climate. The warmest month is July, when the average temperature goes up to 76.5°F (24.7°C). Coldest month is January, when it drops to 24.2°F (-4.3°C). May is the wettest month, receiving an average precipitation of 4.06 in (103.1 mm). Snow can be expected in Springfield from December to February.
Old State Capitol, Springfield, Illinois
The Springfield area was first settled by fur trappers and traders in the early 19th century. The city was originally named Calhoun in 1821, after Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. By 1832, the senator had fallen out of favor with the public, and the town was renamed Springfield, after Springfield, Massachusetts.
Springfield was made the capital of Illinois in 1839, largely due to its most famous resident, Abraham Lincoln, who lived there for 24 years as a lawyer before leaving for Washington DC. Due to its long association with Lincoln, Springfield has a number of historic sites attributed to the president. In 2007, then-senator Barack Obama announced his presidential candidacy from the Old State Capitol of Springfield.
Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum, Springfield, Illinoishttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Museum_Exterior.jpg
Visiting Springfield, Illinois
Springfield can be reached by Interstate 55, which connects it with Chicago to the north and St Louis to the south. Interstate 72 runs east-west through the city.
Places of Interest in Springfield, Illinois
- Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum
Library and museum showcasing the documents and items related to the 16th President of the United States.
- Lincoln Depot
Railroad depot where Lincoln made his Farewell Address to the people of Springfield before leaving for Washington DC.
- Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices State Historic Site
The building that housed the law firm belonging to Abraham Lincoln and his junior partner William H. Herndon.
- Lincoln Home National Historic Site
The home of Abraham Lincoln from 1844 to 1861.
- Lincoln Tomb
Final resting place of the 16th President of the United States as well as his wife and three of their four sons.
- Old State Capitol State Historic Site
Capitol building in the Greek Revival style, built in 1837-40, where Abraham Lincoln announced his presidential candidacy in 1858, and Barack Obama in 2007.
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