Discover with Timothy Tye
Discover Greenland with Timothy Tye

Start here
Icebergs in Cape York, GreenlandIcebergs in Cape York, Greenland
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iceberg_with_hole_crop.jpg
authorshipMila Zinkova
photo licensing

Greenland is a separate, autonomous country which is within the Kingdom of Denmark. Covering 2,166,086 sq km (836,109 sq km), the country of Greenland covers the island of Greenland and the surrounding isles. The island of Greenland itself is the largest island in the world. However, due to its frigid climate, it is sparsely populated. The whole of Greenland has a population of just 57,000 (2011 estimate), 88% of whom are native Inuit while the remainder are mostly ethnic Danish. The capital and biggest city in Greenland is Nuuk, also called Godthåb in Danish.

Greenland is in four time zones, from Coordinated Universal Time to four hours behind (UTC +0 to -4). Traffic, if there be any, is driven on the right, the same as in Denmark. The phone IDD code is +299. The Danish krone is used as the official currency.

Close-up of iceberg in Cape YorkClose-up of iceberg in Cape York
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Close_up_of_iceberg_at_cape_York_taken_from_helicopter.jpg
authorshipMila Zinkova
photo licensing

The history of Danish association with Greenland goes back to Norwegian colonization of the land. According to Icelandic sagas, the first European to settle in Greenland was the Norwegian-born Viking, Erik the Red, who was forced to exile there around AD 982 for committing several murders. When he and his men arrived in that inhospitable land, he decided to call it Greenland, hoping that the lush name will entice others to settle there as well.

Historians believe earlier Norsemen have preceded Erick the Red in reaching Greenland, crediting Gunnbjørn Ulfsson for having sighted it. The actual date is uncertained, it could be anywhere between AD 876 and 932.

Nuuk, GreenlandNuuk, Greenland
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nuuk_city_below_Sermitsiaq.JPG
authorshipOliver Schauf
photo licensing

Greenland came under the rule of Norway in 1261. The kingdom of Norway was united with Denmark in 1380. This further evolved into the Kalmar Union, which linked the kingdoms of Norway (including Iceland, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Shetland and Orkney), Denmark and Sweden (including Finalnd) from 1397 and 1523. By the 14th century, however, the Norse settlements in Greenland have largely been abandoned. Historians believed that a Little Ice Age during that part of history made the land too inhospitable for the settlements to continue. Conflicts with the local Inuits were also not ruled out.

In 1500, King Manual I of Portugal sent an expedition to Greenland, to look for a passage to Asia. That expedition resulted in a map that accurately recorded the southern coastland of the land. By then, although there were no European settlements in Greenland, sovereignty over it has passed from Norway to Denmark, and the Danes reasserted its sovereignty over the island in the early 18th century.

Church in Upernavik, GreenlandChurch in Upernavik, Greenland
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Upernavik_church_2007-08-20_rectangular_cropped_downsampled.jpg
authorshipKim Hansen
photo licensing

Greenland was officially ceded to Denmark on 14 January, 1814. It was given the status of amt - equivalent to county - on 5 June, 1953. Greenland attained home rule status on 1 May 1979, and self rule on 21 June, 2009. Denmark retains control over foreign affairs and defence, and provided an annual grant of 3.2 billion Danish kroner, which will be reduced as Greenland starts to collect revenue based on its natural resources.

All the main towns of Greenland are located on the ice-free west coast, which is where the capital is situated. Here, the temperature varies from -9°C to 7°C (16-45°F).

The economy of Greenland is supported by the fishing industry, with shrimp fishing being the largest income earner. It is also rich in several types of minerals, but these have yet to be fully exploited. Since 2007, ruby mining has been another source of income for Greenland. In 2001, it had an estimated GDP at purchasing power parity of $1.1 billion, equivalent to a per capita GDP of $20,000.

Isfjord, Ilulissat, West GreenlandIsfjord, Ilulissat, West Greenland
photo sourcehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Greenland-Ilulissat-11.jpg
authorshipMichael Haferkamp
photo licensing

Planning your visit to Greenland

Visitors from Denmark and other Scandinavian countries do not need a visa, but need to bring a passport with at least six months validity. Any visits to a national park require a permit from the Danish polar center.

Kangerlussuaq Airport (SFJ), also called Søndre Strømfjord Lufthavn in Danish, receives flights from Copenhagen, Denmark. The other airport serving Greenland is Narsarsuaq Airport (UAK). Both airports are served by Air Greenland, the national flag carrier airline of the country.

Major Cities in Greenland

  1. Nuuk - capital
  2. Aasiaat
  3. Ilulissat
  4. Tasiilaq
  5. Qaanaaq
  6. Qaqortoq
  7. Sisimiut

World Heritage Site in Greenland

There is one World Heritage Site in Greenland. It was inscribed under Denmark.

Add your business/shop to my site

How would you like to have your business or shop added to this website, so that would-be customers can easily find you? This website provides place information of the whole world, with special emphasis on Malaysia and Singapore.

If you has a shop or business anywhere in Malaysia or Singapore, with a physical location, you may have your shop listed on one of the pages of this site. For example, a shop in Cheras will be placed on the Cheras page, another in Kota Bharu is listed in the Kota Bharu page, and so on. You only need to pay a one-time fee, and your shop will be listed for you for as long as this site is still running. There are different placement plans available. To find out more, CONTACT ME

Going somewhere?

If you're travelling somewhere, look for accommodation using the Search Hotel engine below. It helps you find the online booking site that offers the best rates for the room you want.

Going somewhere by express bus in Malaysia/Singapore?

Book your bus ticket online right here. It is easy, safe and fast!.

Book your hotel room here

If you're traveling somewhere soon, book your hotel room online with Agoda. Agoda offers the best prices on 2,000,000+ properties worldwide. Click here to find the room you want.

Looking for a book? Get it from Book Depository with free delivery worldwide!

I have just discovered Book Depository, a subsidiary of Amazon.com, and I love it. This is where you can buy books and have them sent to you. But unlike Amazon, when you purchase using Book Depository, you enjoy free delivery worldwide. Give it a try today!

 Latest pages in Discover with Timothy Tye

 Vital Links

Hire a car | Our Recipes | Facebook Posts | Just Curious | Not In The Dictionary | Our Flowering Garden

My YouTube Videos

Timothy Tye YouTube Channel

Check out my YouTube Channel and don't forget to subscribe!

 Discover the World

About Timothy Tye

Welcome to my website, Discover with Timothy Tye. I started it in 2003 to freely share information about places. Today it has close to thirty thousand pages. I have been writing this website full time since 1 November 2007, and continue to do so as a means to satisfy my curiosity about the world around me. I am happy if the information I have assembled is useful to you. Please follow me on Facebook!

As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News to those who need it all over the world. If you wish to contact me, please submit the contact form. Thanks again, don't forget to follow me on Facebook!

 Malaysia Travel Tips!

My Malaysia Travel Tips has useful information on every state in Malaysia (Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu) and every major city and destination (Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Ipoh, Langkawi, Cameron Highlands, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Alor Setar, Seremban, Petaling Jaya, Putrajaya, Kota Bharu, Kuala Terengganu, Taiping) and hundreds of smaller towns.

 Singapore Travel Tips!

In addition to covering Malaysia, I have created the travel tips for Singapore. Please visit my Singapore Travel Tips for browse through the pages there.


Hosting

This website is hosted on Bluehost, one of the biggest web hosting companies in the world.

Copyright © 2003-2018 Timothy Tye. All Rights Reserved.