Eilean Donan Castle in Castlehttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eilean_Donan.jpg
is one of the component countries of the United Kingdom. It is located on the northern part of the island of Great Britain, sharing a border with England. Scotland is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and the Irish Sea to the south west. It also includes over 790 islands including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
Scotland covers 78,772 sq km (30,414 sq mi). It has a population of 5.2 million people (2011 estimate). Its largest city is Glasgow while its second largest and capital is Edinburgh. Its third largest city, Aberdeen, is known as Europe's Oil Capital, as it is the main city off the Scottish waters, which has the largest oil reserves in the European Union.
Cities and Towns of Scotland
Council Areas of Scotland
- Argyll and Bute
- Dumfries and Galloway
- East Ayrshire
- East Dunbartonshire
- East Lothian
- East Renfrewshire
- North Ayrshire
- North Lanarkshire
- Orkney Islands
- Outer Hebrides (Na h-Eileanan Siar)
- Perth and Kinross
- Scottish Borders
- Shetland Islands
- South Ayrshire
- South Lanarkshire
- West Dunbartonshire
- West Lothian
Major Tourist Destinations of Scotland
- Loch Lomond
- Loch Ness
World Heritage Sites in Scotland
- Heart of Neolithic Orkney
- New Lanark
- St Kilda
Places of Interest in Scotland
A brief history of Scotland
Scotland has been settled for thousands of years, although evidence of human habitation has been erased by repeated glaciation. Hunter-gatherers are believed to have lived in Scotland since 12,500 years ago, with permanent houses being built as early as 9,500 years ago. Among evidences of early habitation that have been discovered include the well-preserved prehistoric village of Skara Brae, along with burial and ritual sites in the Northern Isles and Western Isles.
During Roman times, the Romans occupied the southern and central part of Great Britain, including southern Scotland. That was the earliest written protohistory of the land. Roman historian Tacitus mentioned of an ancient Scottish tribe, known as the Caledonians, who resisted Roman occupation, attacking the Roman defences and nearly overcoming an entire legion.
In the 5th century, the Gaels from Ireland established the kingdom of Dál Riata on the western coast of Scotland. However it was the Kingdom of the Picts that was the direct predescessor to the Kingdom of Alba, a Gaelic name for the Kingdom of Scotland. According to some historians, it was established in response to Roman imperialism.
The Kingdoms of Scotland and England are to share the same king since the Union of the Crowns in 1603. It began with James VI, the King of Scotland, accending to the throne of England, effectively merging England under Scottish Crown. This happened after his cousin and preceding monarch, Queen Elizabeth I of England, died unmarried and childless in 1603. Charles II was the last Scottish monarch to be crowned in Scotland, at Scone in 1651.
Smoo Cave in Durness, Scotlandhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Entrance_to_Smoo_Cave.jpg
During the Industrial age, Scotland produced many scientists and engineers, among them James Watt, Robert Stevenson and John MacAdam. By 1911, it already had a population of 4.8 million people. It provided manpower, ships and machinery, among others, to assist British effort in the First World War. By the end of the Second World War, however, Scotland's economy was already in decline, faced by stiff competition from overseas and mired by industrial disputes and inefficiencies.
By the mid 20th century, many of the urban areas of Scotland were facing high unemployment and economic stagnation. The country only began to recover in the later part of the 20th century, with a resurgence in financial industry and electronics manufacturing, boosted by the gas and petroleum industries of the North Sea.
Scotland is about the same size as the Czech Republic. It is on the whole more mountainous than England and Wales. The tallest mountain in Scotland is Ben Nevis at 1,344 m (4,409 ft). River Tay, the longest river in Scotland as well as in the whole United Kingdom, flows from western Scotland, across the Highlands, in the centre of Scotland, to its mouth south of Dundee, a distance of 190 km (118 mi).
Scotland experiences a temperate and oceanic climate. The Gulf Streams from the Atlantic moderates the climate, making winters milder but summers colder and wetter. In general, Scotland is colder than the rest of the United Kingdom.
Going to Scotland
There are now international airports in Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Inverness providing connection with a growing number of destinations in the United Kingdom and Europe.
There are five train operators offering services linking Scotland with England. From London, you can take a train from London Kings Cross and London Euston to all the major cities of Scotland.
The M74 is the main motorway linking Scotland with England, running from the south of Scotland to Carlisle in England.
The island of Tiree, in the Scottish Inner Hebrideshttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tiree_3.JPG
Thank you for using my website!
Hello and thank you for reading this page. My name is Tim
. I wrote this page to compile what I discover, for my own knowledge, and also to share it with people who might find it useful. It is part of three inter-connected websites: Penang Travel Tips
and Timothy Property Mart
I am a real estate agent, food blogger, amateur historian and travel author. This website is an encyclopedia as well as a business directory. As a real estate agent, I help people buy, sell, rent and let properties. If you have a property to sell or rent in Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Ipoh or Malacca, my team of realtors and I can help you. If you operate a restaurant, can write about your food and promote your restaurant. I can also help you engage other food bloggers to write about your food. And finally, if you are operating a business anywhere in Malaysia, you can add your shop to this website and be found by lots of customers. All you need to do is contact me with what you need.
You can do many things directly from this website. If you are visiting Penang, I can arrange for you a tour guide and/or driver
to show you around. If you are traveling by bus anywhere in Malaysia or Singapore, you can book your bus ticket
. If you seek accommodation, you can get hotel room rates
As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's message to all who need it, anywhere in the world. If you are open to hearing it, please read God's Good News to You
If you wish to contact me, please use this contact form
. And don't forget to follow me on Facebook
. See you!
Copyright © 2003-2019 Timothy Tye
. All Rights Reserved.