Gergeti Trinity Church, below Mount Kazbegi, in Georgiahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eglise_Gergeti_de_la_Trinite_a_Kazbegi_%282%29.jpg
Claire à Taiwan
(Georgian: საქართველო, pronounced Sakartvelo) is a country on the eastern shore of the Black Sea, in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. (If you are looking for information of the state of Georgia, please visit by Georgia in Exploring America.) Covering 69,700 sq km (26,911 sq mi), the moderate-size country is bordered by Russia to the north, Azerbaijan to the southeast, Armenia to the south, Turkey to the southwest, and the Black Sea to the west.
Georgia has a population of 4.7 million. Its capital and largest city is Tbilisi. The country is a semi-presidential republic. In 2010, it has a nominal GDP of $22 billion, a per capita nominal GDP of $2,559 and a per capital purchasing power parity GDP of $5,075.
Travel Tips of Major Cities in Georgia
Categories of sights in Georgia
Places of Interest in Georgia
- Bakuriani ski slopes
- Davit Gareja
- Kakheti wineries
- Mount Kazbeg
- Pasanauri ski slopes
Evidence of human habitation in Georgia goes back to Paleolithic times. Its documented history is traced to the classic period of antiquity, when the states of Diaokhi was established in the 13th century BC. The early Georgian kingdoms of Iberia and Colchis embraced Christianity in AD 319 or AD 337, being one of the oldest Christian nations after Armenia. Colchis was the location of the Golden Fleece sought by Jason, as mentioned in Greek Mythology.
Ananuri Fortress, Georgiahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ananuridc.jpg
Georgian kingdoms became client states of the Roman Empire from 66 BC. When King Mirian III made Christianity the state religion in AD 337, he effectively aligned Georgia with neighboring states in the Eastern Roman Empire. Over the centuries, the kingdom decline to form small feudal states. Southeastern Georgia was conquered by the Arabs in the 7th century, only to be reunited by David IV into the Georgian Kingdom in the 11th century.
Georgia fell under Mongol attacks led by Mingburnu in 1236. By the 16th century, when the Mongol withdrew, a weakened Georgia was divided between the Persian Empire and the Ottoman Empire. They were brought together again under King Heraclius II in 1762. The independence was shortlived, for the state was attacked by Turks and Persians in 1785 and 1795, and was annexed into Russia on 8 January, 1801.
View of Tbilisi with Narikala Fortress in the background
Georgia declared independence from Russia on 26 May, 1918, in the wake of the Russian Civil War. Again the independence was not long lasting. In February 1921 Georgia was attacked by the Red Army, and this led to the establishment of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936.
On 9 April, 1991, Georgia declared independence just shortly before the Soviet Union was dissolved. The country plunged into civil war which last until 1995. Inter-ethnic violence continued to simmer, occasionally boiling over. Political turbulence continued into the new millennium, with the Rose Revolution of 2003 deposing of Eduard Shevardnadze, who was reelected in 2000. As recently as 2008 the country was embroiled in a military conflict with Russia. Today the political climate of Georgia remains volatile.
Gelati Monastery, Georgia
Planning your visit to Georgia
Citizens of Andorra, Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Iceland, Iran, Israel, Japan, Liechtenstein, Kuwait, Norway, Qatar, San Marino, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United States, and CIS countries (except Russia) can visit Georgia visa-free for up to 360 days.
The Tbilisi International Airport (TBS) is the main gateway into Georgia. The national flag carrier is Georgian Airways. Other airlines flying there include Lufthansa and Turkish Airlines.
There are regular bus services between Tbilisi and Istanbul, Turkey. There are also bus services with Baku in Azerbaijan.
Metekhi Church, Tbilisi, Georgia
Thank you for using my website!
You can do many things directly from this website. If you are visiting Penang, I can arrange for you a tour guide and/or driver to show you around. If you are traveling by bus anywhere in Malaysia or Singapore, you can book your bus ticket. If you seek accommodation, you can get hotel room rates.
Hello and thank you for reading this page. My name is Tim
. I wrote this page to compile what I discover, for my own knowledge, and also to share it with people who might find it useful. It is part of three inter-connected websites: Penang Travel Tips
and Timothy Property Mart
I am a real estate agent, food blogger, amateur historian and travel author. This website is an encyclopedia as well as a business directory. As a real estate agent, I help people buy, sell, rent and let properties. If you have a property to sell or rent in Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Ipoh or Malacca, my team of realtors and I can help you. If you operate a restaurant, can write about your food and promote your restaurant. I can also help you engage other food bloggers to write about your food. And finally, if you are operating a business anywhere in Malaysia, you can add your shop to this website and be found by lots of customers. All you need to do is contact me with what you need.
As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's message to all who need it, anywhere in the world. If you are open to hearing it, please read God's Good News to You.
If you wish to contact me, please use this contact form. And don't forget to follow me on Facebook. See you!
Copyright © 2003-2019 Timothy Tye
. All Rights Reserved.