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Wadi Musa, Petra, JordanLandscape of the canyon at Wadi Musa in Petra, Jordan
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Jordan (Arabic الأردن), or officially the Hashmite Kingdom of Jordan, is a country in the Middle East. It is bordered by Iraq to the east, Saudi Arabia to the southeast, Palestine and Israel to the west, and Syria to the north. The country has an area of 92,300 sq km - slightly smaller than Michigan. It has a population of 6.4 million people. The capital and biggest city is Amman.

Jordan regards itself as a modern Arab state and a constitutional monarchy. The majority of the population are Sunni Muslims. There is also a small percentage of Christians. It is a pro-Western regime with close relations with the United States, a major non-NATO ally, and only one of two Arab nationsl with diplomatic relations with Israel.

Travel Tips to Cities in Jordan

  1. Amman Travel Tips
    Capital and largest city in Jordan. One in three Jordanian lives here.
  2. Irbid
    Second largest city and metropolitan area in Jordan.
  3. Zarqa
    Third biggest city and industrial centre of Jordan.
  4. Madaba
    Fifth largest town in Jordan, famous for its Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics.
  5. Aqaba
    Ancient coastal town, today an important seaport and beach resort of Jordan.

Tourist Destinations in Jordan

These are in alphabetical order:
  1. Ajloun
    Town in northern Jordan with ruins of a 12th century castle and other places of interest.
  2. Dead Sea
    Salt lake bordering Jordan, Israel and the West Bank.
  3. Jerash
    Site with one of the largest Roman ruins in the Middle East.
  4. Kerak
    Site of the ruins of a crusader castle.
  5. Petra
    Archaeological city with rock-cut architecture and water conduits.
  6. Salt
    Ancient agricultural town with interesting old town
  7. Wadi Rum
    Oasis surrounded by beautiful desert landscape.

The Monastery, Petra, JordanThe Monastery, Petra, Jordan
Tom Neys

The country is almost completely landlocked, except for a small opening at the Gulf of Aqaba to the Red Sea. The country has been inhabited since antiquity, and today many of its ancient ruins are famous tourist and luxury holiday destinations.

Jordan experiences wet weather from November to April and very dry weather for the rest of the year. The hottest month is August, when temperature soars to 36°C (96.8°F). Winter months are from November to April, when the temperature may dip to an average of 13°C (55.4°F).

Amman, Jordan, at nightAmman, Jordan, at night
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authorshipFreedom's Falcon
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Planning your visit to Jordan

Visitors to Jordan from non-Arab countries need a visa, which you can get at most border points, except the crossing from the West Bank at the King Hussein Bridge. Presently the visa price is JD 10 for non-Arabs on single entry.

Airlines flying to Jordan includes the national carrier, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Air France, Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines, Egypt Air, Emirates and Delta Airlines. Budget airlines Sama and Air Arabia only covers destinations in the Middle East, so you will most likely have to fly by full-fledged carriers to reach Jordan.

The main airport for Jordan is the Queen Alia International Airport (AMM), some 32 km (20 miles) to the south of Amman. It was named in memory of Queen Alia, the third wife of King Hussein who died in a helicopter crash in 1977. From the airport, you can take a Royal Jordanian bus to downtown Amman.

Kharaza Arch, JordanKharaza Arch, Jordan
photo source
authorshipEtan J. Tal
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Planning your travel within Jordan

Most people fly between Amman and Aqaba. To go other places in Jordan, take the bus services operated by JETT (Jordan Express Tourist Transportation). For public buses, the hub is the Abdali Transport Station in downtown Amman and the Northern bus station. Alternatively, you can take a taxi. The normal practice for tourists is to agree on a price before boarding. If you find a reliable taxi driver, you can negotiate a full-day rate, which should be in the region on JB 20 to JB 25.

Valley of the Moon, JordanValley of the Moon, Jordan
photo source
authorshipJorge Láscar
photo licensing

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