Discover with Timothy Tye
Kuala Kedah Fort (Kota Kuala Kedah)

Start here

Kuala Kedah FortAn entrance of Kuala Kedah Fort (30 April, 2005)

Kuala Kedah Fort (GPS: 6.10897, 100.28722), or Kota Kuala Kedah, is a Malay fort in Kuala Kedah, Kedah. It is also called Kota Kuala Bahang.

Kuala Kedah Fort was where many wars were fought to maintain Kedah's independence against a host of invading forces. Ironically, Kuala Kedah Fort was built with assistance from the Portuguese, during the reign of Sultan Sulaiman (1602-1619), to defend Kedah and its capital, then, Kota Setar. It stands on the site on an earlier Malay fort that the Portuguese destroyed in 1611. Located by the sea, Kuala Kedah Fort has its western wall facing the Straits of Malacca while its southern wall overlooking Sungai Kedah, in the direction of Kuala Kedah. There is a moat on the landward side called Alor Melaka.

360° View of Kuala Kedah Fort on Google Maps Street View

Kuala Kedah Fort is on the map of Kuala Kedah

Features of Kuala Kedah Fort

Kota Kuala Bahang

Kota Kuala Bahang

Kota Kuala Kedah Lighthouse

Kota Kuala Kedah Lighthouse


Kuala Kedah FortWall of Kuala Kedah Fort (30 April, 2005)

According to history, the original purpose of Kuala Kedah Fort was to act as an outpost for Portuguese defences. It didn't do well in that respect. Sultan Mahkota Alam of Acheh attacked Kuala Kedah Fort in 1619, successfully ejecting the Portuguese from the fort, and taking 7000 prisoners, including the ill-fated Sultan of Kedah. I do not know what happened to the Kedah sultanate immediately after that, but in 1724, another battle took place at Kuala Kedah Fort, this time a civil war between the ruling Sultan Muhammad Jiwa and his younger brother who was plotting to overthrow him. The Sultan was aided by the Bugis while his younger brother found support among the Minangkabaus. The Sultan prevailed, but the two-year war left Kedah devastated.

Kuala Kedah FortOne of the gates of Kuala Kedah Fort (30 April, 2005)

In 1771, the Bugis once again were involved in the powerplay around Kuala Kedah Fort. This time, however, they sided with the dissident forces against the ruling Sultan Abdullah Mukarram Shah. The Bugis captured Kuala Kedah Fort. Sultan Abdullah sought the help of Captain Francis Light, who succeeded in ousting the Bugis. The original fort was built of earthworks, bakau timber and bamboo. Following the defeat of the Bugis fleet in 1771, Sultan Mukarram Shah rebuilt and strengthened the fort with stones and bricks. The rebuilding, headed by Kedah's religious head, Maharaja Kadhi, was completed in 1780, using labourers from India and cannons purchased from the British and Dutch.

Kuala Kedah FortThe lighthouse at Kuala Kedah Fort (30 April, 2005)

Francis Light took over the fort as his base, and promised to use it to protect the sultan. This led Sultan Abdullah to believe that the British would always grant him protection, especially against his arch enemies, the Bugis and the Siamese. That belief, which would be proven wrong, led the Sultan to relinquish Penang Island to the British.

The Siamese arrived at Kuala Kedah on Sunday, 12 November, 1821, during the reign of Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Syah II, the 22nd sultan of Kedah. Not knowing their true intentions, the fort commander Bendahara Dato Paduka Maharaja Sura welcomed the Siamese forces with a ceremony. However, as they were being given a tour of the fort, the Thai commander Phra Buri Sakmuton, suddenly ordered his men to attack. The garrison was massacred, and the Sultan of Kedah fled to Penang. For more details on Kedah's unfortunate history, please visit the Kedah page. I don't know further about the fort except that it was occupied by the Japanese during the Second World War.

Kota Kuala Kedah MuseumKota Kuala Kedah Museum (11 March, 2008)

Kuala Kedah FortThe main building and museum at Kuala Kedah Fort (30 April, 2005)

Kuala Kedah FortAnother view of the museum at Kuala Kedah Fort (30 April, 2005)

I visited Kuala Kedah Fort while coastal sights of Kedah, and am documenting it here for your knowledge. When I was there, the place was still in the midst of being restored. The ground was red soil and grass has not been fully replanted yet. I suppose the building in the middle was the Sultan's palace, which also acted as a religious school, and is today the Kuala Kedah Fort museum.

Getting to Kuala Kedah Fort

Follow the directions given to go to Kuala Kedah. The fort is located on the north side of Sungai Kedah, a short distance from the mock fortress of the Kuala Kedah Yacht Marina.

Kuala Kedah FortThe grounds of Kuala Kedah Fort (30 April, 2005)

Kuala Kedah FortHere I am at Kuala Kedah Fort (11 March, 2008)

List of Forts in Kedah and Forts in Malaysia

Add your business/shop to my site

How would you like to have your business or shop added to this website, so that would-be customers can easily find you? This website provides place information of the whole world, with special emphasis on Malaysia and Singapore.

If you has a shop or business anywhere in Malaysia or Singapore, with a physical location, you may have your shop listed on one of the pages of this site. For example, a shop in Cheras will be placed on the Cheras page, another in Kota Bharu is listed in the Kota Bharu page, and so on. You only need to pay a one-time fee, and your shop will be listed for you for as long as this site is still running. There are different placement plans available. To find out more, CONTACT ME

Going somewhere?

If you're travelling somewhere, look for accommodation using the Search Hotel engine below. It helps you find the online booking site that offers the best rates for the room you want.

Going somewhere by express bus in Malaysia/Singapore?

Book your bus ticket online right here. It is easy, safe and fast!.

Book your hotel room here

If you're traveling somewhere soon, book your hotel room online with Agoda. Agoda offers the best prices on 2,000,000+ properties worldwide. Click here to find the room you want.

Looking for a book? Get it from Book Depository with free delivery worldwide!

I have just discovered Book Depository, a subsidiary of, and I love it. This is where you can buy books and have them sent to you. But unlike Amazon, when you purchase using Book Depository, you enjoy free delivery worldwide. Give it a try today!

 Latest pages in Discover with Timothy Tye

 Vital Links

Hire a car | Our Recipes | Facebook Posts | Just Curious | Not In The Dictionary | Our Flowering Garden

My YouTube Videos

Timothy Tye YouTube Channel

Check out my YouTube Channel and don't forget to subscribe!

Map of Towns in Kedah

 List of Towns in Kedah from above map

 Discover the World

About Timothy Tye

Welcome to my website, Discover with Timothy Tye. I started it in 2003 to freely share information about places. Today it has close to thirty thousand pages. I have been writing this website full time since 1 November 2007, and continue to do so as a means to satisfy my curiosity about the world around me. I am happy if the information I have assembled is useful to you. Please follow me on Facebook!

As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News to those who need it all over the world. If you wish to contact me, please submit the contact form. Thanks again, don't forget to follow me on Facebook!

 Malaysia Travel Tips!

My Malaysia Travel Tips has useful information on every state in Malaysia (Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu) and every major city and destination (Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Ipoh, Langkawi, Cameron Highlands, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Alor Setar, Seremban, Petaling Jaya, Putrajaya, Kota Bharu, Kuala Terengganu, Taiping) and hundreds of smaller towns.

 Singapore Travel Tips!

In addition to covering Malaysia, I have created the travel tips for Singapore. Please visit my Singapore Travel Tips for browse through the pages there.


This website is hosted on Bluehost, one of the biggest web hosting companies in the world.

Copyright © 2003-2019 Timothy Tye. All Rights Reserved.