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Kwang Fook Kong Temple, LabuanKwang Fook Kong Temple, Labuan
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authorshipCEphoto, Uwe Aranas
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B. Melayu

Labuan Travel Tips provides you information you can use for visiting the Federal Territory of Labuan, an island 8 km off the coast of Borneo. It is one of the three Federal Territories of Malaysia.

The Labuan Federal Territory comprises the main island, Labuan, which is 75 sq km, and six other smaller islands namely Pulau Burung, Pulau Daat, Pulau Kuraman, Pulau Papan, Pulau Rusukan Kecil, and Pulau Rusukan Besar. Together, they have a combined total area of 92 sq km.

Muzium LabuanMuzium Labuan
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authorshipUwe Aranas
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The islands of Labuan are adjacent to the Malaysian state of Sabah and the independent state of Brunei Darussalam, on the northern edge of Brunei Bay facing the South China Sea. Labuan Island is mainly flat and undulating and the highest point is only 85 metres. Over 70% of the island is still covered with vegetation. The main town is Bandar Labuan, formerly known as Victoria. It is a port town facing Brunei Bay.

Labuan was historically a part of the Brunei Sultanate. In the 1840's the previously-uninhabited Labuan was proposed as a base for British operations against piracy in the South China Sea. The Sultan of Brunei ceded Labuan to Britain in 1846, and the island became a Crown Colony in 1848. The first White Rajah of Sarawak, James Brooke was appointed first commander-in-chief and Governor of the territory. In 1849 the Eastern Archipelago Company became the first of many companies trying to exploit its coal deposits and establish it as a coaling station for the China trade. It later became a station for the submarine cable between Singapore and Hong Kong.

Labuan Chimney, Colliery Fields, LabuanLabuan Chimney, Colliery Fields, Labuan
photo source
authorshipUwe Aranas
photo licensing

Labuan was made a part of North Borneo on 1 January 1890, and on 30 October 1906, it became part of the Straits Settlements.

During World War II, Labuan was occupied by Japan from December 1941 to June 1945 and governed as part of the Northern Borneo military unit by the Japanese 37th Army. Labuan was renamed Maida Island after Marquis Toshinari Maeda, the first commander of Japanese forces in northern Borneo. The island was retaken by Australian forces in Operation Oboe Six, in June 1945. Labuan assumed its former name and was under British military administration, along with the rest of the Straits Settlements. It was then joined to British North Borneo on 15 July 1946, and in turn became a part of Malaysia within the state of Sabah in 1963.

Labuan was ceded to the federal government by Sabah in 1984. It became the second federal territory of Malaysia. In 1990, Labuan was made an international offshore financial centre and a free trade zone. It is the only offshore financial centre in Malaysia.

Getting there

Labuan is connected to Kuala Lumpur with daily flights by Malaysia Airlines and AirAsia. It is also linked to Miri with three flights per day on MASWings, a wholy owned subsidiary of Malaysia Airlines that took over the operations of FlyAsianXpress.

Labuan Financial ParkLabuan Financial Park
photo source
authorshipUwe Aranas
photo licensing

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