Beach in Ouvea, New Caledoniahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Plage_ouvea.jpg
is a group of islands regarded as a special collectivity of France, located off the coast of Australia, in the South Pacific Ocean. Covering 18,575 sq km, New Caledonia comprises a main island, the Grande Terre, and several smaller islands. The smaller islands surrounding the main island includes the Belep archipelago to the north, the Loyalty Islands to the east, Île des Pins to the south, and the Chesterfield Islands and Bellona Reefs to the west of Grande Terre. It has a population of about 250,000 (2011 estimate). French is the official language here. The capital and biggest city is Nouméa.
The name New Caledonia was given by Captain James Cook, using the word Caledonia as a Latin reference to Scotland, his land of ancestry. When the island came under French rule, New Caledonia became Nouvelle-Calédonie, or some times just Calédonie. Among the locals, and especially those who are keen of New Caledonia's independence, it is popularly known as Kanaky.
Cruise ship at Lifou, New Caledoniahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pacific_Sun_Lifou.jpg
New Caledonia is eleven hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+11). The official currency here is the CFP franc (XPF). The phone IDD code is +687. The majority of the people here are Roman Catholics.
Lying astride the Tropic of Capricorn, New Caledonia experiences a tropical climate. Temperature is quite uniform throughout the year, ranging between 17-27°C (63-81°F) while rain is seasonal. The wet season is from December to March while the dry cool season is from April to November.
As with most of the inhabited islands of the South Pacific, New Caledonia bears evidence of human habitation going back thousands of years. The first contact with Europeans was established by British explorer Captain James Cook in 1774, when he saw and named New Caledonia (for present-day main island, Grande Terre).
Mont Panie, New Caledoniahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Montpanie.jpg
The arrival of Europeans to New Caledonia introduced diseases such as smallpox, measles, dysentery, influenza, syphilis and leprosy, all of which contributed to decimating to local population. French missionaries paved the way for French contact with the islands, beginning around 1843. This led to formal annexation by France in 1853. The following year, the settlement of Nouméa was established, originally called Port de France.
As with Australia for the British, France used New Caledonia as a penal colony. At the same time, France imposed a law called Code de l'Indigénat, an apartheid-like system that discriminated against the locals and their freedom of movement, land ownership and livelihood. This further reduced the indigenous population. Native insurrectionss (in 1878 and 1881) were dealt with severely, often with much bloodshed.
Kanak hut in Lifou, New Caledoniahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Traput-cases.jpg
New Caledonia was listed by the United Nations as a non-self-governing territory since 1986. Nationalist sentiments on the island has been growing, with calls for independence. This manifested itself in the form of unrests by the locals, culminating with the bloody hostage incident of 1988. Since then, there has been steps towards increasing autonomy of New Caledonia, including the introduction of a new flag (to be adopted alongside the French tricolor), and the use of a local currency rather than the Euro. New Caledonia will be given the opportunity to hold a referendum on independence after 2014.
Planning your visit to New Caledonia
The main airport of the territory is the New Caledonia Airport (NOU). It is located in Païta, 52 km northwest of Noumea. The airport is served by Air France flights from Paris, via Tokyo, Osaka and Seoul.
When in New Caledonia, the cheapest way to get around is to take the bus. The bus services is quite extensive.
A traditional canoe at Île des Pins near Noumea, New Caledoniahttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pirogue_Nouvelle_Cal%C3%A9donie.JPG
Major Cities in New Caledonia
- Nouméa - capital
Places of Interest in New Caledonia
- Jean-Marie Tjibaou Center
Add your business/shop to my site
How would you like to have your business or shop added to this website, so that would-be customers can easily find you? This website provides place information of the whole world, with special emphasis on Malaysia and Singapore.
If you has a shop or business anywhere in Malaysia or Singapore, with a physical location, you may have your shop listed on one of the pages of this site. For example, a shop in Cheras will be placed on the Cheras page, another in Kota Bharu is listed in the Kota Bharu page, and so on. You only need to pay a one-time fee, and your shop will be listed for you for as long as this site is still running. There are different placement plans available. To find out more, CONTACT ME
If you're travelling somewhere, look for accommodation using the Search Hotel engine below. It helps you find the online booking site that offers the best rates for the room you want.
Going somewhere by express bus in Malaysia/Singapore?
Book your bus ticket online right here.
It is easy, safe and fast!.
Book your hotel room here
If you're traveling somewhere soon, book your hotel room online with Agoda. Agoda offers the best prices on 2,000,000+ properties worldwide. Click here
to find the room you want.
Looking for a book? Get it from Book Depository with free delivery worldwide!
I have just discovered Book Depository
, a subsidiary of Amazon.com, and I love it. This is where you can buy books and have them sent to you. But unlike Amazon, when you purchase using Book Depository, you enjoy free delivery worldwide. Give it a try today!
Hire a car
| Our Recipes
| Facebook Posts
| Just Curious
| Not In The Dictionary
| Our Flowering Garden
My YouTube Videos
Check out my YouTube Channel
and don't forget to subscribe!
About Timothy Tye
Welcome to my website, Discover with Timothy Tye
. I started it in 2003 to freely share information about places. Today it has close to thirty thousand pages. I have been writing this website full time since 1 November 2007, and continue to do so as a means to satisfy my curiosity about the world around me. I am happy if the information I have assembled is useful to you. Please follow me on Facebook
As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News
to those who need it all over the world. If you wish to contact me, please submit the contact form
. Thanks again, don't forget to follow me on Facebook
Malaysia Travel Tips!
My Malaysia Travel Tips
has useful information on every state in Malaysia (Johor
, Negeri Sembilan
) and every major city and destination (Kuala Lumpur
, Johor Bahru
, Cameron Highlands
, Kota Kinabalu
, Alor Setar
, Petaling Jaya
, Kota Bharu
, Kuala Terengganu
) and hundreds of smaller towns.
Singapore Travel Tips!
In addition to covering Malaysia, I have created the travel tips for Singapore. Please visit my Singapore Travel Tips
for browse through the pages there.
This website is hosted on Bluehost
, one of the biggest web hosting companies in the world.
Copyright © 2003-2019 Timothy Tye
. All Rights Reserved.