is a large province in the Western Region of Thailand. Covering 19,483 sq km (7,522 sq mi), it is the third largest province in the country behind Nakhon Ratchasima Province
and Chiang Mai Province
. It has a population of 839,000 people (2012 estimate), putting it in 26th position in terms of population.
Kanchanaburi Province is a largely forested province that shares a border with Myanmar
to the west. It is also bordered by Tak Province to the north, Uthaithani Province to the northeast, Suphanburi Province to the east, Nakhon Pathum Province to the southeast and Ratchaburi Province to the south. The provincial capital is the town of Kanchanaburi.
There are a number of national parks in Kanchanaburi Province. It is also the location of the Thungyai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary, today a World Heritage Site recognised by UNESCO.
Kanchanaburi Province is divided into 13 districts, or amphoe
, namely Kanchanaburi Town (Mueang Kanchanaburi), Sai Yok, Bo Phloi, Si Sawat, Tha maka, Tha Muang, Thong Pha Phum, Sangkhla Buri, Phanom Thuan, Lao Khwan, Dan Makham Tia, Nong Prue and Huai Krachao. These are subdivided into 98 subdistricts or tambon
and 887 villages or muban
Places in Kanchanaburi Province
- Ban Kao: Prehistoric settlement.
- Bridge Over the River Kwai: The most famous attraction of Kanchanaburi, a site of interest particularly to war veterans and their offsprings.
- Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park: The smallest national park in Kanchanaburi.
- Chongkai War Cemetery: Another cemetery to the war dead located 2 km outside town.
- Erawan National Park: National park with Erawan Falls, one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Thailand. Entrance fee is ฿200 for foreigners.
- Hellfire Pass: A railway cutting that was famed for its cost in life. Now the pass is a memorial that you can visit with an audio walking tour.
- JEATH War Museum: Comprising the War Museum, World War II Museum and JEATH Museum, these are located 50 meters from the bridge. One fee gets you into all.
- Kanchanaburi War Cemetery: Cemetery to the war dead located opposite the Kanchanaburi Railway Station.
- Pra That Cave: Cave in Kanchanaburi Province.
- Prasat Muang Sing: Ancient Khmer ruins that mark the westernmost frontier of the Khmer empire.
- Sai Yok National Park: National park with the beautiful Sai Yok Waterfalls.
- Sangkhla Buri: Small town and market center in Kanchanaburi Province, with a large Burmese and Mon population.
- Si Nakharin National Park: National park with a reservoir and waterfall.
- Sri Sawat: An area near Kanchanaburi with a few attractions including the Lumnam Jone waterway, where the River Kwai begins, the Pra That Cave, Huay Mae Khamin Waterfalls and Tham Than Lot Cave.
- Thailand-Burma Railway Centre: Another place - some say the best - to learn about the Second World War in Thailand.
- Tham Than Lot Cave: Cave system in Chalerm Rattanakosin National Park in Sri Sawat District.
- Taweechai Elephant Camp: One of the largest elephant camps in Thailand
- Tiger Temple: Tigers aplenty but no temple to be seen, this is one of the usual sights in Thailand. Entrance fee is a hefty ฿500, but comes with a book on tigers. Do NOT wear bright yellow, pink or orange to visit this place.
- Wat Tham Khaopoon: Cave temple located 5 km outside Kanchanaburi town, past the Chongkai War Cemetery.
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