Discover with Timothy Tye
Istanbul Travel Tips

Start here
Look for Property in Penang

Interior of the Süleymaniye Mosque, IstanbulInterior of the Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul
photo source
photo licensing

Istanbul is the biggest city in Turkey. It has a metropolitan area of 5,343 sq km (2,069 sq mi). The urban population of Istanbul is 14.8 million people (2011 estimate), constituting 17.8% of Turkey's population.

Istanbul is located in northwestern Turkey. It is on the Bosphorus Strait that connects the Black Sea to the north with the Sea of Marmara, which flows into the Aegean Sea and then into the Mediterranean Sea. The Bosphorus Straits separates the European part of Turkey (Thrace) from the Asian (Anatolia).

Modern Istanbul skylineModern Istanbul skyline
photo source
photo licensing

Instanbul experiences a Mediterranean climate. Its hottest months are July and August, when the average temperature hovers around 23°C (73°F). The coldest months are January and February, with average temperatures of around 4°C (39°F). The wettest month is December, with 123.9 mm (4.8 in) of precipitation, often in the form of snow.

The modern city of Instanbul comprises 39 districts of the Instanbul Metropolitan Municipality. At the very heart of the city is an inlet of the Bosphorus called the Golden Horn. The city has many historic buildings, primarily in the Byzantine and Ottoman architectural style, but also those bearing Greek, Roman and Genoese influences.

The history of Istanbul goes back to the Neolithic period. The city is said to have been founded in 660 BC when King Byzas established the city, called Byzantium in Latin, on the European side of the Bosphorus Strait. Byzantium became part of the Roman Empire in AD 73.

Maiden Tower, IstanbulMaiden Tower, Istanbul
photo source
photo licensing

When Constantine I became emperor of the whole Roman Empire in AD 324, he created a new Christian city to replace Byzantium. He called it Nea Roma, meaning "New Rome", but the city instead became popularly known as Constantinople, meaning "City of Constantine". The name Constantinople was to persist well into the 20th century. In AD 330, it became the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, also called the Byzantine Empire. During this period, Constantinople became a center for Greek culture and for Christianity. It was also during this period that many of Instanbul's great churches was built, among them, the Hagia Sofia.

Constantinople was one of the biggest and most powerful city in the Middle Ages. The decline of Constantinope began after the Fourth Crusade (which was Roman Catholic) conquered the city (which was Eastern Orthodox) in April 1204, and established the Latin Empire. Then on 29 May, 1453, it was captured by Sultan Mehmed II after an eight-week siege. The fall of Constantinople brought an end to its role as a Christian capital. The Muslim conquerors made it the new capital of the Ottoman Empire. The Hagia Sofia was converted from a cathedral into a mosque.

Church of St Mary of the Mongols, IstanbulChurch of St Mary of the Mongols, Istanbul
photo source
photo licensing

Under the Ottomans, Constantinople was renamed Istanbul. It was transformed to become the center of Islamic culture. In 1566, the Süleymaniye Mosque was constructed, marking the pinnacle of Ottoman power. From then on the empire began a slow decline, shrinking in size and power.

Constantinople was occupied by Allied forces following World War I. On 1 November, 1922, the new Turkish parliament abolished the Sultanate, bringing an end to 623 years of Ottoman rule. At the same time, Instanbul lost its position as capital, as the new Republic of Turkey has its capital in Ankara.

The Grand Bazaar of IstanbulThe Grand Bazaar of Istanbul
photo source
authorshipGraham Bould
photo licensing

Visiting Istanbul

Most visitors arrive at the Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IST), located about 20 km to the west of the city center. Probably the most convenient way to reach downtown Instanbul is to take the express shuttle buses, called Havaş, that connect the airport to the city. The fare is 10 TL. In comparison fare for public buses between the airport and the city is just 2.50 TL. There is also the metro or light rail station serving the airport. However the metro station is about 10 minutes' walk from the baggage claim.

Sultan Ahmed Mosque (The Blue Mosque), IstanbulSultan Ahmed Mosque (The Blue Mosque), Istanbul
photo source
authorshipEdal Anton Lefterov
photo licensing

Exploring Istanbul

Public transport in Istanbul is not the easiest to understand - if you don't speak the language, but it's worth attempting if you prefer not to splurge on taxis. The fare for metro, trams and buses are all at a flat rate regardless distance. If you are going to use public transport extensively, you should get the stored-value device called AKBÌL. It can be used to pay for your rides on all the aforementioned transportation modes.

Places of Interest in Istanbul, Turkey

  1. Basilica Cistern
  2. Church of St Savior in Chora
  3. Galata Tower
  4. Galata Whirling Dervish Hall
  5. Hagia Sophia
  6. Istanbul Modern Art Museum
  7. Istiklal Avenue
  8. Maiden's Tower
  9. Military Museum
  10. Miniaturk
  11. Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque)
  12. Sultanahmet Square
  13. Theodosian Walls
  14. Topkapi Palace

Neighborhoods of Istanbul

  1. Sultanahmet (Old City)
  2. Bosphorus
  3. Galata
  4. Golden Horn
  5. New Istanbul
  6. Princes' Islands

Add your business/shop to my site

How would you like to have your business or shop added to this website, so that would-be customers can easily find you? This website provides place information of the whole world, with special emphasis on Malaysia and Singapore.

If you has a shop or business anywhere in Malaysia or Singapore, with a physical location, you may have your shop listed on one of the pages of this site. For example, a shop in Cheras will be placed on the Cheras page, another in Kota Bharu is listed in the Kota Bharu page, and so on. You only need to pay a one-time fee, and your shop will be listed for you for as long as this site is still running. There are different placement plans available. To find out more, CONTACT ME

Going somewhere?

If you're travelling somewhere, look for accommodation using the Search Hotel engine below. It helps you find the online booking site that offers the best rates for the room you want.

Going somewhere by express bus in Malaysia/Singapore?

Book your bus ticket online right here. It is easy, safe and fast!.

Book your hotel room here

If you're traveling somewhere soon, book your hotel room online with Agoda. Agoda offers the best prices on 2,000,000+ properties worldwide. Click here to find the room you want.

Looking for a book? Get it from Book Depository with free delivery worldwide!

I have just discovered Book Depository, a subsidiary of, and I love it. This is where you can buy books and have them sent to you. But unlike Amazon, when you purchase using Book Depository, you enjoy free delivery worldwide. Give it a try today!

 Latest pages in Discover with Timothy Tye

 Vital Links

Hire a car | Our Recipes | Facebook Posts | Just Curious | Not In The Dictionary | Our Flowering Garden

My YouTube Videos

Timothy Tye YouTube Channel

Check out my YouTube Channel and don't forget to subscribe!

 Discover the World

About Timothy Tye

Welcome to my website, Discover with Timothy Tye. I started it in 2003 to freely share information about places. Today it has close to thirty thousand pages. I have been writing this website full time since 1 November 2007, and continue to do so as a means to satisfy my curiosity about the world around me. I am happy if the information I have assembled is useful to you. Please follow me on Facebook!

As a Christian, I hope that through this website, I am able to deliver God's Good News to those who need it all over the world. If you wish to contact me, please submit the contact form. Thanks again, don't forget to follow me on Facebook!

 Malaysia Travel Tips!

My Malaysia Travel Tips has useful information on every state in Malaysia (Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu) and every major city and destination (Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Ipoh, Langkawi, Cameron Highlands, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Alor Setar, Seremban, Petaling Jaya, Putrajaya, Kota Bharu, Kuala Terengganu, Taiping) and hundreds of smaller towns.

 Singapore Travel Tips!

In addition to covering Malaysia, I have created the travel tips for Singapore. Please visit my Singapore Travel Tips for browse through the pages there.


This website is hosted on Bluehost, one of the biggest web hosting companies in the world.

Copyright © 2003-2019 Timothy Tye. All Rights Reserved.