is a city on the northern coast of Turkey facing the Black Sea. It is the provincial capital of Trabzon Province. Covering 4,685 sq km (1,808.9 sq mi), Trabzon Province has a population of 230,000 (2011 estimate). It observes the Eastern European Time (UTC+2) and in summer the Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3).
Haghia Sophia, Trabzonhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aya_Sofia_in_Trabzon.jpg
Trabzon experiences the typical Black Sea climate with warm and humid summers and cool, damp winters. Warmest month is August, when the average high temperature rises to 26.9°C (80.4°F). Coldest month is February, when the average low temperature drops to 4.1°C (39.4°F). October is the wettest month, receiving 121.6 mm (4.787 in) of precipitation.
Trabzon has a very long history, due partly to its location, which for centuries has seen trades passing through. It was the terminus of the northern branch of the Silk Road. Medieval merchants traveling from the Black Sea and the Mediterranean were likely to stopover in Trabzon. Venetian and Genoese merchants introduced the term "losing Trabzon" (perdere la Trebisonda
) in Italian, meaning losing one's sense of direction.
Atatürk's Villa in Trabzonhttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Atatiurko_namas.jpg
There are flights to Trabzon from Ankara, Istanbul and İzmir. Alternatively there are also bus services from the major cities of Turkey, but expect to spend many hours on board.
Sights & Attractions in Trabzon
- Atatürk's Villa: An ornate three-storey villa where the Father of Modern Turkey stayed a number of times in 1924. It is located a few kilometers outside the city.
- Church and Museum of Haghia Sophia (Aya Sophia Müzesi)
This is the restored Byzantine church in Trabzon that dates to the 13th century. It was converted to a mosque, then an ammunition depot and eventually became a museum in 1957.
- Gülbahar Mosque and Tomb: Mosque built by Sultan Selim the Grim in 1514 in memory of his mother Gülbahar, a woman noted for her philanthrophy. Her octagonal tomb is located to the east of the mosque.
- St Anne's Church (Küçük Ayvasil Kilisesi)
A beautiful Armenian church dating from the 9th century. Not far away is another Armenian church, St Basil's (Büyük Ayvasil)
- St Eugenius Church (Yeni Cuma Camii)
The church was built in the 14th cedntury in honor of the 5th century martyred archbishop of Carthage. During Ottoman times the church was turned into a mosque.
- Trabzon Castle (Trabzon Kalesi)
Castle on top of the flat-topped hill called trapezus in Greek, from which the name Trabson was derived.
- Trabzon Museum: Museum occupying the mansion of a late 19th century Greek banker. It displays items related to local archaeology and ethynography.
- Zağnos Bridge and Tower (Zağnos Köprüsü ve Kale Kule)
The Zağnos Bridge was built in 1467 across the Kuzgun ravine while the Zağnos Tower was once a feared prison. Today much of the frightful memories of old have been erased, and the tower now houses a restaurant.
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