(Uzbek/Russian: Тошкент‚ توشكېنت) is the capital and biggest city in Uzbekistan. Covering 334.8 sq km (129.3 sq mi), it has a population of 2.2 million people (2012 estimate), although unofficial estimate places the figure as high as 4.45 million.
Tashkent began as an oasis on the Chirchik River. It was settled as early as the 5th century BC, and was known by various names through its long history. In ancient times, it was known as Chach. When the Chinese Buddhist monk Xuánzàng passed through here in the 7th century AD, he recorded it as Zhěshí. Not long after, the town was conquered by the Arabs, during which it became known as Binkath.
The Turkic name Tashkent dates from the 10th century. It was sacked by the Persian ruler Khorezmshah in 1214, and five years later, was destroyed by the Mongol, Genghis Khan. Tashkent became part of the Russian Empire following an attack by Mikhail Grigorevich Chernyayev in 1865, by orders of the tsar. The city was made the capitalo of Russian Turkistan.
When the Russian Empire collapse with the February Revolution, Tashkent was made the capital of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Then in 1930, it became the capital of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, replacing Samarkhand. The city experienced industrialization under the Soviet, particularly during the Second World War, when much of the Soviet industries were moved away from western Russian to evade Nazi invasion.
When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Tashkent was the fourth largest city in the country. Since then, it has grown to become the largest, as it plays its role as the economic and cultural heart of Uzbekistan.
Tashkent is served by flights connecting it with Almaty
, New York
, among others. Yuzhniy International Airport (TAS), located just a few kilometers from downtown Tashkent is the gateway to Uzbekistan, with domestic flights to all the major cities in the country.
Amir Timur Museum, Tashkenthttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Taschkent-47.JPG
Sigismund von Dobschütz
Sights & Attractions to visit in Tashkent
- Ali-Shir Nava'i Monument
- Amir Timur Museum
- Equestrian Statue of Timur
- Kukeldash Madrassah
- Monument of Independence and Humanism
- Museum of Olympic Glory
- Taras Shevchenko
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